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养老基金入市:不宜过多期待

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月21日 12:44:21
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(  法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(蒲)(晓)(磊)(
  6月)(29日)(,人)(社)(部)(、财)(政)(部)(联)(合)(就)(《基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(基)(金)(投)(资)(管)(理)(办)(法)(》(以)(下)(简)(称)(《办)(法)(》)公)(开)(征)(求)(意)(见)(,明)(确)(提)(出)(基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(基)(金)((以)(下)(简)(称)(养)(老)(基)(金)()可)(以)(不)(高)(于)(基)(金)(资)(产)(净)(值)(30%的)(比)(例)(,投)(资)(股)(票)(、股)(票)(基)(金)(、混)(合)(基)(金)(、股)(票)(型)(养)(老)(基)(金)(产)(品)(等)(。
  《办)(法)(》发)(布)(的)(时)(间)(恰)(逢)(中)(国)(股)(市)(几)(年)(罕)(见)(的)(震)(荡)(期)(,这)(使)(得)(养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(变)(得)(颇)(为)(敏)(感)(。其)(中)(,有)(三)(个)(问)(题)(尤)(为)(引)(人)(关)(注)(:安)(全)(性)(如)(何)(?是)(否)(能)(盈)(利)(?能)(不)(能)(“救)(市)(”?
  安)(全)(性)(是)(养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(管)(理)(的)(大)(前)(提)(,投)(入)(股)(市)(上)(限)(为)(30%。
  “我)(们)(在)(拟)(定)(这)(个)(《办)(法)(》的)(时)(候)(,一)(个)(最)(主)(要)(的)(考)(虑)(,就)(是)(保)(证)(基)(金)(的)(绝)(对)(安)(全)(,不)(能)(让)(老)(百)(姓)(的)(养)(命)(钱)(出)(现)(重)(大)(风)(险)(。”人)(社)(部)(新)(闻)(发)(言)(人)(李)(忠)(在)(6月)(30日)(召)(开)(的)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(表)(示)(。
  人)(社)(部)(社)(会)(保)(障)(研)(究)(所)(所)(长)(金)(维)(刚)(认)(为)(,根)(据)(征)(求)(意)(见)(稿)(,投)(资)(股)(票)(、股)(票)(基)(金)(、混)(合)(基)(金)(、股)(票)(型)(养)(老)(基)(金)(产)(品)(的)(比)(例)(,合)(计)(不)(得)(高)(于)(基)(金)(资)(产)(净)(值)(的)(30%,这)(意)(味)(着)(并)(不)(会)(有)(过)(高)(的)(比)(例)(投)(入)(股)(市)(。
  养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(有)(利)(于)(增)(强)(其)(支)(撑)(能)(力)(,但)(仍)(有)(诸)(多)(问)(题)(需)(要)(面)(对)(。
  李)(忠)(认)(为)(,加)(快)(完)(善)(养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(政)(策)(,有)(利)(于)(拓)(宽)(基)(金)(来)(源)(,同)(时)(还)(有)(利)(于)(增)(强)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(支)(撑)(能)(力)(,促)(进)(制)(度)(的)(可)(持)(续)(发)(展)(。中)(国)(社)(科)(院)(世)(界)(社)(保)(研)(究)(中)(心)(副)(研)(究)(员)(张)(盈)(华)(也)(认)(为)(,基)(金)(的)(投)(资)(收)(益)(有)(利)(于)(增)(强)(制)(度)(财)(务)(的)(可)(持)(续)(性)(。
  上)(海)(金)(融)(与)(法)(律)(研)(究)(院)(研)(究)(员)(聂)(日)(明)(对)(法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(指)(出)(,允)(许)(养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(是)(顺)(应)(市)(场)(的)(举)(措)(,但)(同)(时)(也)(要)(解)(决)(养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(归)(集)(到)(省)(级)(社)(保)(难)(度)(大)(、委)(托)(机)(构)(单)(一)(带)(来)(的)(操)(纵)(市)(场)(嫌)(疑)(等)(诸)(多)(问)(题)(。
  养)(老)(基)(金)(短)(期)(内)(无)(法)(“救)(市)(”,但)(长)(期)(有)(利)(于)(制)(度)(建)(设)(。
  中)(国)(社)(会)(科)(学)(院)(世)(界)(社)(保)(研)(究)(中)(心)(副)(秘)(书)(长)(齐)(传)(钧)(认)(为)(,依)(靠)(养)(老)(基)(金)(短)(期)(内)(达)(到)(“救)(市)(”目)(的)(并)(不)(可)(能)(,但)(是)(从)(长)(远)(来)(看)(,对)(股)(市)(的)(制)(度)(建)(设)(意)(义)(重)(大)(,会)(在)(一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(改)(进)(投)(资)(者)(结)(构)(从)(而)(在)(长)(远)(上)(利)(好)(股)(市)(。
  收)(益)(跑)(不)(过)(CPI
  养)(老)(基)(金)(,包)(括)(企)(业)(职)(工)(、机)(关)(事)(业)(单)(位)(工)(作)(人)(员)(和)(城)(乡)(居)(民)(养)(老)(基)(金)(。聂)(日)(明)(对)(法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(介)(绍)(,目)(前)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(管)(理)(主)(要)(分)(为)(三)(类)(:
  作)(为)(养)(老)(战)(略)(储)(备)(的)(全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(。由)(全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(理)(事)(会)(管)(理)(,储)(备)(用)(于)(人)(口)(老)(龄)(高)(峰)(的)(支)(付)(危)(机)(,委)(托)(合)(格)(的)(机)(构)(投)(资)(者)(进)(行)(投)(资)(,投)(资)(对)(象)(包)(括)(国)(债)(、股)(票)(、产)(业)(投)(资)(等)(。
  作)(为)(补)(充)(养)(老)(保)(险)(的)(企)(业)(年)(金)((及)(职)(业)(年)(金)()。由)(企)(业)(委)(托)(合)(格)(的)(养)(老)(基)(金)(管)(理)(人)(管)(理)(,投)(资)(对)(象)(与)(全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(相)(近)(。
  作)(为)(基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(的)(养)(老)(保)(险)(累)(计)(结)(余)(,也)(就)(是)(《办)(法)(》所)(指)(的)(地)(方)(养)(老)(基)(金)(。由)(各)(省)(市)(级)(及)(以)(下)(政)(府)(的)(社)(保)(部)(门)(管)(理)(,限)(于)(政)(策)(约)(束)(,投)(资)(策)(略)(保)(守)(,仅)(限)(于)(国)(债)(、银)(行)(存)(款)(等)(。
  人)(社)(部)(新)(闻)(发)(言)(人)(李)(忠)(在)(6月)(30日)(召)(开)(的)(《中)(国)(社)(会)(保)(险)(发)(展)(年)(度)(报)(告)(2014》的)(专)(题)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(称)(,截)(至)(2014年)(年)(底)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(结)(余)(达)(到)(3.5万)(亿)(元)(。
  按)(照)(现)(行)(政)(策)(,基)(金)(投)(资)(范)(围)(严)(格)(限)(定)(于)(银)(行)(存)(款)(和)(买)(国)(债)(,禁)(止)(投)(入)(其)(他)(金)(融)(和)(经)(营)(性)(事)(业)(。对)(于)(养)(老)(基)(金)(,尽)(管)(这)(样)(的)(方)(法)(更)(为)(安)(全)(,但)(每)(天)(都)(在)(贬)(值)(。数)(万)(亿)(元)(的)(养)(老)(基)(金)(存)(到)(银)(行)(以)(百)(分)(之)(二)(点)(多)(的)(速)(度)(增)(值)(,远)(远)(赶)(不)(上)(CPI的)(上)(涨)(速)(度)(。
  据)(中)(国)(社)(科)(院)(世)(界)(社)(会)(保)(障)(中)(心)(主)(任)(郑)(秉)(文)(测)(算)(,以)(通)(胀)(率)((CPI)作)(为)(基)(准)(,基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(在)(过)(去)(20年)(来)(的)(损)(失)(量)(化)(后)(,贬)(值)(将)(近)(千)(亿)(元)(。
  李)(忠)(认)(为)(,投)(资)(渠)(道)(偏)(窄)(、基)(金)(贬)(值)(缩)(水)(等)(问)(题)(的)(存)(在)(,不)(利)(于)(调)(动)(群)(众)(参)(保)(缴)(费)(的)(积)(极)(性)(,影)(响)(基)(金)(的)(支)(撑)(能)(力)(,也)(制)(约)(制)(度)(的)(可)(持)(续)(发)(展)(,迫)(切)(需)(要)(进)(一)(步)(完)(善)(投)(资)(运)(营)(政)(策)(。
  对)(于)(养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(,证)(监)(会)(也)(多)(次)(“持)(支)(持)(和)(欢)(迎)(态)(度)(”。
  在)(今)(年)(3月)(13日)(的)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(,证)(监)(会)(新)(闻)(发)(言)(人)(张)(晓)(军)(表)(示)(,证)(监)(会)(将)(积)(极)(配)(合)(有)(关)(部)(门)(完)(善)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(发)(展)(和)(投)(资)(运)(营)(相)(关)(制)(度)(,促)(进)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(专)(业)(化)(、市)(场)(化)(投)(资)(运)(营)(。
  6月)(3日)(,张)(晓)(军)(再)(次)(表)(示)(,证)(监)(会)(一)(直)(积)(极)(支)(持)(养)(老)(基)(金)(等)(各)(类)(境)(内)(外)(长)(期)(资)(金)(入)(市)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(对)(于)(扩)(大)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(多)(渠)(道)(投)(资)(,实)(现)(保)(值)(增)(值)(具)(有)(重)(要)(的)(意)(义)(,同)(时)(也)(有)(利)(于)(资)(本)(市)(场)(的)(长)(期)(稳)(定)(健)(康)(发)(展)(。
  控)(制)(风)(险)(是)(前)(提)(
  但)(近)(期)(持)(续)(震)(荡)(的)(股)(市)(,让)(人)(们)(对)(于)(入)(市)(之)(后)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(安)(全)(产)(生)(了)(担)(忧)(。
  对)(此)(,人)(社)(部)(相)(关)(专)(家)(表)(示)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(不)(是)(用)(来)(支)(撑)(股)(市)(的)(,因)(为)(养)(老)(基)(金)(是)(老)(百)(姓)(的)(“养)(命)(钱)(”,不)(可)(能)(在)(目)(前)(股)(市)(剧)(烈)(动)(荡)(的)(情)(况)(下)(入)(市)(。
  李)(忠)(介)(绍)(,具)(体)(到)(投)(资)(管)(理)(办)(法)(,对)(严)(格)(控)(制)(风)(险)(也)(作)(了)(多)(方)(面)(的)(制)(度)(安)(排)(和)(政)(策)(规)(范)(,包)(括)(建)(立)(相)(互)(制)(衡)(的)(机)(制)(、建)(立)(健)(全)(内)(控)(制)(度)(、在)(多)(元)(化)(投)(资)(方)(面)(作)(出)(规)(定)(、建)(立)(风)(险)(准)(备)(金)(制)(度)(、注)(重)(加)(强)(政)(府)(有)(关)(部)(门)(的)(监)(管)(等)(措)(施)(。
  比)(如)(,《办)(法)(》建)(立)(相)(互)(制)(衡)(机)(制)(,分)(别)(明)(确)(委)(托)(人)(、受)(托)(机)(构)(、托)(管)(机)(构)(、投)(资)(管)(理)(机)(构)(各)(自)(的)(权)(利)(义)(务)(。《办)(法)(》明)(确)(,投)(资)(机)(构)(和)(受)(托)(机)(构)(分)(别)(按)(管)(理)(费)(的)(20%和)(年)(度)(投)(资)(收)(益)(的)(1%来)(建)(立)(风)(险)(准)(备)(金)(,专)(项)(用)(于)(弥)(补)(养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(发)(生)(的)(亏)(损)(。
  “养)(老)(保)(险)(基)(金)(是)(群)(众)(的)(养)(命)(钱)(,我)(们)(在)(拟)(定)(这)(个)(《办)(法)(》的)(时)(候)(,一)(个)(最)(主)(要)(的)(考)(虑)(,就)(是)(保)(证)(基)(金)(的)(绝)(对)(安)(全)(,不)(能)(让)(老)(百)(姓)(的)(养)(命)(钱)(出)(现)(重)(大)(风)(险)(。”李)(忠)(在)(发)(布)(会)(上)(说)(。
  中)(国)(人)(民)(大)(学)(中)(国)(社)(会)(保)(障)(研)(究)(中)(心)(副)(主)(任)(杨)(立)(雄)(教)(授)(也)(认)(为)(,我)(国)(基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(基)(金)(是)(公)(共)(养)(老)(基)(金)(,其)(投)(资)(应)(遵)(循)(安)(全)(优)(先)(原)(则)(,其)(次)(才)(是)(考)(虑)(收)(益)(最)(大)(化)(。况)(且)(,中)(国)(股)(市)(还)(不)(成)(熟)(,投)(机)(氛)(围)(较)(浓)(,风)(险)(较)(高)(,贸)(然)(进)(入)(可)(能)(带)(来)(巨)(大)(风)(险)(。因)(此)(,控)(制)(风)(险)(理)(当)(是)(养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(股)(票)(的)(前)(提)(条)(件)(。
  入)(市)(之)(后)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(收)(益)(也)(需)(要)(投)(资)(多)(年)(方)(能)(见)(效)(。
  在)(常)(年)(对)(养)(老)(基)(金)(进)(行)(跟)(踪)(统)(计)(的)(社)(科)(院)(副)(研)(究)(员)(张)(盈)(华)(看)(来)(,在)(超)(长)(期)(,例)(如)(50年)(至)(70年)(的)(时)(间)(里)(,经)(过)(复)(利)(积)(累)(的)(基)(金)(规)(模)(还)(是)(相)(当)(可)(观)(的)(。
  “我)(们)(曾)(经)(做)(过)(测)(算)(,如)(果)(按)(照)(7%的)(投)(资)(收)(益)(率)(,即)(使)(制)(度)(赡)(养)(率)(不)(断)(提)(高)(,结)(余)(基)(金)(被)(耗)(尽)(的)(时)(间)(会)(推)(迟)(30年)(,到)(那)(时)(我)(们)(已)(经)(平)(稳)(度)(过)(了)(老)(龄)(化)(高)(峰)(期)(。30年)(时)(间)(,给)(改)(革)(者)(留)(下)(很)(大)(空)(间)(,有)(助)(于)(逐)(步)(调)(整)(制)(度)(,使)(其)(良)(性)(平)(稳)(运)(转)(。”张)(盈)(华)(说)(。
  两)(大)(难)(题)(需)(要)(解)(决)(
  “事)(实)(上)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(之)(所)(以)(备)(受)(关)(注)(,除)(了)(对)(安)(全)(的)(担)(忧)(,还)(有)(就)(是)(对)(于)(其)(能)(否)(像)(社)(保)(基)(金)(一)(样)(起)(到)(国)(家)(队)(作)(用)(的)(期)(待)(。”聂)(日)(明)(对)(法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(说)(。
  《办)(法)(》第)(十)(二)(条)(规)(定)(,省)(、自)(治)(区)(、直)(辖)(市)(人)(民)(政)(府)(作)(为)(养)(老)(基)(金)(委)(托)(投)(资)(的)(委)(托)(人)(,可)(指)(定)(省)(级)(社)(会)(保)(险)(行)(政)(部)(门)(、财)(政)(部)(门)(承)(办)(具)(体)(事)(务)(。
  据)(媒)(体)(报)(道)(,国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(基)(本)(确)(定)(了)(地)(方)(委)(托)(全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(理)(事)(会)(运)(营)(养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(的)(模)(式)(。
  用)(于)(战)(略)(储)(备)(的)(全)(国)(社)(会)(保)(障)(基)(金)(,由)(于)(允)(许)(市)(场)(化)(运)(营)(,自)(2000年)(成)(立)(至)(2013年)(年)(底)(,基)(金)(累)(计)(投)(资)(收)(益)(4187.38亿)(元)(,年)(均)(投)(资)(收)(益)(率)(8.13%,远)(超)(过)(同)(期)(2.46%的)(年)(均)(通)(货)(膨)(胀)(率)(。
  尽)(管)(作)(为)(模)(板)(的)(社)(保)(基)(金)(成)(绩)(优)(异)(,但)(在)(专)(家)(看)(来)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(要)(想)(参)(照)(这)(一)(模)(式)(入)(市)(,至)(少)(有)(两)(大)(难)(题)(需)(要)(解)(决)(:第)(一)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(归)(集)(到)(省)(级)(社)(保)(有)(一)(定)(难)(度)(。第)(二)(,不)(同)(的)(市)(场)(环)(境)(下)(以)(往)(的)(模)(式)(很)(难)(再)(适)(用)(。
  第)(一)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(归)(集)(到)(省)(级)(社)(保)(有)(一)(定)(难)(度)(。
  首)(先)(,下)(级)(政)(府)(上)(缴)(基)(金)(虽)(然)(会)(获)(得)(更)(高)(的)(投)(资)(回)(报)(,但)(也)(意)(味)(着)(对)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(控)(制)(权)(变)(弱)(,这)(是)(下)(级)(政)(府)(不)(希)(望)(看)(到)(的)(。尤)(其)(在)(养)(老)(保)(险)(全)(国)(统)(筹)((至)(少)(是)(省)(级)(统)(筹)()的)(背)(景)(下)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(向)(省)(级)(社)(保)(归)(集)(会)(被)(视)(为)(省)(级)(统)(筹)(的)(前)(奏)(,地)(方)(的)(配)(合)(度)(可)(见)(一)(斑)(。
  其)(次)(,由)(于)(人)(口)(在)(区)(域)(间)(流)(动)(的)(不)(确)(定)(性)(,各)(地)(养)(老)(基)(金)(收)(支)(不)(稳)(定)(,每)(年)(结)(余)(或)(亏)(损)(的)(数)(字)(都)(在)(变)(化)(,增)(加)(了)(归)(集)(工)(作)(的)(困)(难)(,除)(了)(广)(东)(等)(发)(达)(地)(区)(,资)(金)(归)(集)(并)(不)(比)(省)(级)(统)(筹)(要)(来)(得)(容)(易)(。
  再)(次)(,部)(分)(地)(方)(养)(老)(基)(金)(收)(支)(平)(衡)(困)(难)(,也)(意)(味)(着)(绝)(大)(多)(数)(省)(份)(面)(临)(的)(问)(题)(不)(是)(养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(如)(何)(投)(资)(,而)(是)(如)(何)(筹)(措)(资)(金)(弥)(补)(收)(支)(缺)(口)(。
  作)(出)(以)(上)(分)(析)(的)(聂)(日)(明)(认)(为)(,这)(一)(难)(题)(是)(养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(要)(解)(决)(的)(首)(要)(问)(题)(,如)(果)(不)(能)(按)(计)(划)(将)(钱)(收)(上)(来)(,入)(市)(投)(资)(也)(就)(无)(从)(谈)(起)(。
  第)(二)(,不)(同)(的)(市)(场)(环)(境)(下)(以)(往)(的)(模)(式)(很)(难)(再)(适)(用)(。
  上)(海)(财)(经)(大)(学)(公)(共)(政)(策)(与)(治)(理)(研)(究)(院)(副)(院)(长)(郑)(春)(荣)(副)(教)(授)(在)(接)(受)(法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(认)(为)(,把)(全)(国)(社)(会)(保)(障)(基)(金)(理)(事)(会)(的)(历)(史)(收)(益)(率)(作)(为)(参)(照)(物)(,并)(不)(一)(定)(合)(理)(。
  “全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(理)(事)(会)(的)(历)(史)(投)(资)(回)(报)(率)(高)(达)(8%,但)(我)(们)(观)(察)(该)(理)(事)(会)(的)(投)(资)(历)(史)(便)(知)(,早)(年)(工)(商)(银)(行)(、中)(国)(银)(行)(和)(交)(通)(银)(行)(等)(改)(制)(上)(市)(时)(,基)(金)(会)(以)(战)(略)(投)(资)(者)(的)(身)(份)(进)(去)(,几)(大)(国)(有)(银)(行)(一)(上)(市)(,基)(金)(会)(立)(即)(获)(利)(丰)(厚)(,盈)(利)(达)(几)(百)(亿)(元)(。这)(一)(现)(象)(难)(以)(复)(制)(,也)(不)(是)(真)(正)(的)(市)(场)(投)(资)(业)(绩)(。”郑)(春)(荣)(对)(法)(治)(周)(末)(记)(者)(分)(析)(。
  聂)(日)(明)(在)(接)(受)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(认)(为)(,把)(所)(有)(地)(方)(的)(养)(老)(基)(金)(结)(余)(委)(托)(给)(单)(一)(的)(全)(国)(社)(保)(基)(金)(一)(家)(机)(构)(来)(运)(营)(管)(理)(,恐)(非)(善)(策)(。
  “从)(国)(际)(经)(验)(来)(看)(,多)(数)(国)(家)(的)(各)(个)(行)(业)(、各)(支)(基)(金)(的)(管)(理)(相)(对)(独)(立)(,不)(会)(将)(所)(有)(行)(业)(、所)(有)(区)(域)(的)(养)(老)(基)(金)(全)(部)(委)(托)(给)(一)(家)(机)(构)(管)(理)(。这)(样)(,可)(以)(保)(持)(金)(融)(市)(场)(机)(构)(投)(资)(者)(风)(险)(偏)(好)(的)(多)(样)(化)(,从)(而)(使)(得)(市)(场)(的)(冲)(击)(更)(具)(非)(系)(统)(性)(,避)(免)(了)(利)(益)(一)(致)(行)(动)(人)(带)(来)(的)(暴)(涨)(暴)(跌)(的)(金)(融)(风)(险)(。”聂)(日)(明)(说)(。
  对)(股)(市)(有)(长)(期)(意)(义)(
  在)(股)(市)(震)(荡)(期)(间)(推)(出)(的)(入)(市)(方)(案)(,使)(得)(养)(老)(基)(金)(在)(保)(值)(增)(值)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,还)(被)(赋)(予)(了)(“救)(市)(”的)(期)(待)(,但)(在)(聂)(日)(明)(看)(来)(,安)(全)(性)(优)(先)(的)(养)(老)(基)(金)(并)(不)(会)(在)(此)(时)(入)(市)(救)(火)(,即)(使)(入)(市)(之)(后)(,对)(股)(市)(所)(起)(到)(的)(正)(面)(作)(用)(也)(难)(以)(在)(短)(时)(间)(之)(内)(显)(现)(。
  “养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(运)(营)(对)(股)(市)(会)(产)(生)(一)(定)(影)(响)(,但)(这)(种)(影)(响)(是)(平)(缓)(和)(循)(序)(渐)(进)(的)(。”李)(忠)(指)(出)(。
  齐)(传)(钧)(认)(为)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(之)(所)(以)(无)(法)(在)(短)(期)(内)(完)(成)(救)(市)(目)(标)(,主)(要)(有)(两)(方)(面)(因)(素)(:
  一)(方)(面)(,入)(市)(资)(金)(过)(少)(,影)(响)(不)(大)(。截)(至)(2014年)(年)(底)(,中)(国)(基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(基)(金)(结)(余)(3.56万)(亿)(元)(。预)(计)(扣)(除)(预)(留)(支)(付)(资)(金)(外)(,全)(国)(可)(以)(纳)(入)(投)(资)(运)(营)(范)(围)(的)(资)(金)(总)(计)(约)(两)(万)(亿)(元)(,在)(上)(限)(30%的)(规)(定)(下)(,有)(着)(6000亿)(元)(左)(右)(的)(资)(金)(可)(入)(市)(。相)(对)(目)(前)(近)(50万)(亿)(元)(的)(两)(市)(市)(值)(,可)(谓)(杯)(水)(车)(薪)(。
  另)(一)(方)(面)(,《办)(法)(》目)(前)(还)(存)(在)(征)(求)(意)(见)(阶)(段)(,离)(真)(正)(实)(施)(还)(有)(一)(段)(时)(间)(,再)(加)(上)(《办)(法)(》规)(定)(养)(老)(基)(金)(投)(资)(的)(委)(托)(人)(是)(省)(级)(人)(民)(政)(府)(,实)(施)(时)(期)(也)(不)(会)(完)(全)(同)(步)(。
  但)(齐)(传)(钧)(同)(时)(指)(出)(,从)(长)(远)(角)(度)(来)(看)(,养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(有)(利)(于)(股)(市)(制)(度)(建)(设)(的)(完)(善)(。
  齐)(传)(钧)(认)(为)(,改)(善)(投)(资)(者)(结)(构)(离)(不)(开)(养)(老)(基)(金)(的)(参)(与)(,反)(过)(来)(会)(说)(,也)(只)(有)(养)(老)(基)(金)(入)(市)(,才)(能)(在)(一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(改)(进)(投)(资)(者)(结)(构)(,才)(能)(给)(股)(市)(制)(度)(建)(设)(带)(来)(压)(力)(,才)(能)(推)(动)(中)(国)(股)(市)(向)(融)(资)(和)(投)(资)(并)(举)(的)(均)(衡)(良)(性)(发)(展)(。
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