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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

小心你的“穷人思维”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年12月12日 00:11:53
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(  智)(谷)(君)(语)(:
  思)(维)(无)(形)(,但)(它)(无)(时)(无)(刻)(不)(在)(影)(响)(我)(们)(的)(大)(小)(决)(策)(。作)(者)(认)(为)(,一)(个)(人)(的)(贫)(穷)(很)(大)(程)(度)(上)(是)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”导)(致)(的)(,“喜)(欢)(用)(时)(间)(换)(钱)(”、“过)(于)(关)(注)(拥)(有)(资)(源)(本)(身)(”等)(都)(是)(典)(型)(的)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”。
  追)(求)(财)(富)(,得)(先)(告)(别)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”。本)(文)(揭)(示)(了)(一)(些)(易)(被)(忽)(视)(的)(真)(相)(,给)(人)(启)(发)(,推)(荐)(阅)(读)(。
  作)(者)(丨)(人)(神)(共)(奋)(的)(李)(刚)(
  来)(源)(丨)(人)(神)(共)(奋)((tongyipaocha)已)(获)(授)(权)(
  “穷)(人)(思)(维)(”不)(是)(“穷)(人)(”的)(思)(维)(,而)(是)(“曾)(经)(是)(穷)(人)(”的)(思)(维)(。
  穷)(人)(思)(维)(对)(我)(们)(的)(第)(一)(个)(影)(响)(,就)(是)(喜)(欢)(用)(时)(间)(换)(钱)(。
  穷)(人)(思)(维)(的)(特)(点)(是)(量)(入)(为)(出)(,富)(人)(思)(维)(特)(点)(是)(目)(标)(导)(向)(。
  穷)(人)(思)(维)(最)(可)(怕)(的)(一)(点)(,它)(会)(消)(耗)(我)(们)(有)(限)(的)(自)(控)(力)(。
  富)(人)(在)(重)(大)(的)(决)(策)(中)(,也)(常)(常)(会)(陷)(入)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”中)(。
  最)(后)(是)(摆)(脱)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(几)(点)(建)(议)(。
  01
  有)(人)(问)(:贫)(穷)(会)(对)(一)(个)(人)(的)(思)(维)(方)(式)(造)(成)(多)(大)(的)(影)(响)(?
  我)(想)(,不)(是)(小)(气)(,穷)(人)(的)(人)(不)(一)(定)(小)(气)(;也)(不)(是)(见)(识)(少)(,见)(识)(与)(一)(个)(人)(的)(知)(识)(结)(构)(更)(有)(关)(系)(。
  想)(要)(回)(答)(这)(个)(问)(题)(,首)(先)(要)(搞)(清)(楚)(,穷)(人)(的)(问)(题)(在)(哪)(儿)(?
  02
  穷)(人)(嘛)(,就)(是)(缺)(钱)(的)(人)(。没)(错)(,所)(以)(呢)(?
  多)(和)(少)(都)(是)(相)(对)(的)(,穷)(人)(缺)(钱)(,但)(穷)(人)(和)(富)(人)(拥)(有)(的)(时)(间)(完)(全)(一)(样)(,所)(以)(,穷)(人)(就)(是)(那)(种)(钱)(“绝)(对)(”少)(,但)(时)(间)(相)(对)(“多)(”的)(人)(。
  从)(经)(济)(学)(的)(角)(度)(上)(讲)(,你)(缺)(什)(么)(,就)(会)(把)(什)(么)(看)(得)(特)(别)(重)(,不)(缺)(什)(么)(,就)(会)(把)(这)(个)(样)(东)(西)(的)(价)(值)(看)(得)(特)(别)(轻)(。
  有)(一)(次)(我)(在)(知)(乎)(上)(推)(荐)(了)(一)(本)(书)(,有)(人)(问)(我)(有)(没)(有)(电)(子)(书)(资)(源)(——没)(好)(意)(思)(说)(出)(来)(的)(话)(,我)(帮)(他)(补)(充)(了)(:免)(费)(的)(。
  过)(了)(几)(天)(,他)(留)(言)(,在)(各)(大)(网)(站)(、网)(盘)(、资)(源)(站)(找)(遍)(了)(,都)(没)(有)(。意)(思)(好)(像)(说)(,没)(有)(免)(费)(资)(源)(的)(书)(,你)(推)(荐)(个)(屁)(啊)(。
  拜)(托)(,这)(是)(一)(本)(帮)(你)(提)(高)(思)(维)(能)(力)(的)(书)(,当)(当)(京)(东)(上)(都)(有)(,也)(就)(40多)(块)(,而)(且)(书)(的)(内)(容)(我)(也)(介)(绍)(了)(,你)(既)(然)(想)(看)(,说)(明)(不)(会)(浪)(费)(你)(的)(时)(间)(。
  免)(费)(的)(东)(西)(不)(一)(定)(真)(免)(费)(。难)(道)(你)(找)(的)(时)(间)(,就)(不)(值)(这)(40多)(块)(钱)(?
  这)(本)(书)(的)(名)(字)(,就)(是)(我)(们)(今)(天)(要)(谈)(的)(话)(题)(:《稀)(缺)(——我)(们)(是)(如)(何)(陷)(入)(贫)(穷)(与)(忙)(碌)(的)(》,这)(本)(书)(解)(释)(了)(“穷)(人)(为)(什)(么)(这)(么)(穷)(,富)(人)(为)(什)(么)(这)(么)(忙)(”。
  在)(说)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”之)(前)(,我)(得)(补)(充)(一)(句)(,“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”不)(是)(“穷)(人)(”的)(思)(维)(,而)(是)(“曾)(经)(是)(穷)(人)(”的)(思)(维)(。
  比)(如)(说)(,我)(们)(就)(算)(完)(全)(买)(得)(起)(一)(本)(书)(、看)(得)(起)(一)(部)(电)(影)(,我)(们)(还)(是)(先)(习)(惯)(性)(地)(想)(到)(找)(一)(找)(有)(没)(有)(免)(费)(资)(源)(。不)(管)(是)(70、80、90后)(,我)(们)(大)(部)(分)(人)(都)(是)(在)(资)(源)(相)(对)(不)(足)(的)(环)(境)(中)(成)(长)(,多)(多)(少)(少)(有)(点)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”。
  03
  穷)(人)(思)(维)(对)(我)(们)(的)(第)(一)(个)(影)(响)(,就)(是)(喜)(欢)(用)(时)(间)(换)(钱)(。
  最)(近)(有)(一)(部)(超)(级)(烂)(片)(《热)(血)(雷)(锋)(侠)(之)(激)(情)(营)(救)(》,豆)(瓣)(上)(95.7%的)(人)(打)(一)(星)(,但)(根)(据)(我)(的)(经)(验)(,再)(烂)(的)(片)(子)(,中)(途)(退)(场)(的)(人)(也)(不)(会)(超)(过)(30%,就)(是)(说)(,在)(65%的)(人)(看)(来)(,90分)(钟)(的)(时)(间)(价)(值)(不)(会)(超)(过)(30元)(的)(票)(价)(。
  穷)(人)(的)(时)(间)(不)(值)(钱)(,所)(以)(愿)(意)(用)(时)(间)(换)(钱)(,这)(是)(一)(种)(“经)(济)(行)(为)(”。但)(当)(你)(的)(口)(袋)(已)(走)(出)(穷)(困)(,却)(仍)(然)(把)(自)(己)(的)(时)(间)(、别)(人)(的)(时)(间)(看)(得)(太)(不)(值)(钱)(的)(话)(,说)(明)(你)(的)(脑)(袋)(依)(然)(停)(留)(在)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”中)(。
  用)(经)(济)(学)(的)(观)(点)(来)(说)(,“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”往)(往)(过)(于)(注)(重)(“沉)(没)(成)(本)(”。
  什)(么)(叫)(“沉)(没)(成)(本)(”,就)(是)(你)(花)(了)(30块)(钱)(看)(电)(影)(,无)(论)(电)(影)(好)(看)(不)(好)(看)(,这)(个)(钱)(都)(回)(不)(来)(了)(。
  有)(一)(个)(有)(趣)(的)(“买)(鞋)(定)(理)(”。假)(设)(你)(在)(商)(场)(买)(了)(双)(鞋)(,大)(小)(没)(问)(题)(,但)(真)(正)(穿)(时)(却)(发)(现)(夹)(脚)(,退)(又)(退)(不)(掉)(,于)(是)(,你)(会)(经)(历)(下)(面)(的)(心)(理)(挣)(扎)(:
  “不)(甘)(心)(定)(理)(”:这)(双)(鞋)(对)(你)(而)(言)(越)(贵)((换)(句)(话)(说)(,你)(越)(穷)(),你)(尝)(试)(穿)(一)(下)(的)(次)(数)(也)(就)(越)(多)((受)(的)(罪)(越)(多)();
  “侥)(幸)(定)(理)(”:你)(确)(定)(穿)(不)(了)(了)(,那)(么)(这)(双)(鞋)(越)(贵)(,你)(放)(在)(家)(里)(占)(地)(方)(的)(时)(间)(越)(长)(;
  “绝)(望)(定)(理)(”:无)(论)(你)(放)(多)(长)(时)(间)(,总)(有)(一)(天)(,你)(都)(会)(把)(它)(扔)(了)(,有)(多)(远)(扔)(多)(远)(。
  世)(界)(清)(静)(了)(。可)(早)(知)(今)(日)(,何)(必)(当)(初)(?
  “富)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(则)(完)(全)(相)(反)(:花)(钱)(,要)(么)(是)(为)(了)(赚)(钱)(,要)(么)(是)(为)(了)(享)(受)(,两)(样)(都)(不)(搭)(的)(事)(,就)(不)(值)(得)(白)(白)(浪)(费)(精)(力)(。
  当)(然)(,“时)(间)(不)(值)(钱)(”的)(穷)(人)(思)(维)(,往)(往)(只)(在)(人)(生)(过)(渡)(期)(对)(我)(们)(产)(生)(影)(响)(,但)(下)(一)(个)(思)(维)(惯)(性)(,就)(没)(那)(么)(好)(摆)(脱)(了)(。
  04
  有)(一)(句)(话)(,平)(时)(说)(出)(来)(会)(得)(罪)(人)(,但)(有)(了)(前)(面)(理)(论)(的)(铺)(垫)(,我)(就)(不)(怕)(大)(家)(打)(死)(了)(我)(:
  贵)(?怎)(么)(会)(是)(产)(品)(的)(缺)(点)(呢)(?难)(道)(不)(是)(你)(的)(缺)(点)(吗)(?
  我)(不)(是)(说)(大)(家)(穷)(逼)(,而)(是)(说)(,在)(价)(值)(判)(断)(上)(,“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”容)(易)(出)(问)(题)(。
  超)(市)(里)(的)(被)(子)(打)(折)(,有)(大)(、中)(、小)(三)(种)(规)(格)(,原)(价)(是)(300、250、200,现)(价)(一)(律)(150。根)(据)(售)(货)(员)(的)(经)(验)(:穷)(人)(更)(倾)(向)(于)(买)(大)(的)(——省)(钱)(,有)(钱)(人)(更)(倾)(向)(于)(需)(要)(的)(尺)(寸)(——自)(己)(的)(需)(求)(。
  这)(就)(是)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”造)(成)(的)(第)(二)(个)(更)(重)(要)(影)(响)(,《稀)(缺)(》一)(书)(称)(之)(为)(“管)(窥)(效)(应)(”:指)(人)(们)(在)(资)(源)(匮)(乏)(的)(情)(况)(下)(会)(变)(得)(更)(为)(专)(注)(,但)(注)(意)(力)(过)(度)(聚)(焦)(会)(导)(致)(判)(断)(力)(下)(降)(。
  什)(么)(意)(思)(呢)(?因)(为)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”让)(我)(们)(过)(于)(关)(注)(于)(拥)(有)(的)(资)(源)(本)(身)(,所)(以)(常)(常)(忽)(略)(了)(另)(外)(一)(些)(更)(重)(要)(的)(东)(西)(,比)(如)(——你)(的)(目)(标)(。
  05
  几)(年)(前)(,我)(太)(太)(说)(要)(买)(一)(套)(学)(区)(房)(。
  我)(把)(家)(里)(的)(钱)(给)(她)(一)(算)(,特)(么)(连)(首)(付)(都)(不)(够)(。我)(的)(建)(议)(是)(,等)(钱)(再)(攒)(多)(点)(吧)(。
  当)(然)(,胳)(膊)(拧)(不)(过)(大)(腿)(,最)(后)(被)(她)(七)(拼)(八)(凑)(,东)(挪)(西)(借)(,居)(然)(把)(首)(付)(给)(凑)(足)(了)(。穷)(人)(买)(房)(大)(多)(有)(这)(样)(的)(感)(受)(,当)(时)(认)(为)(不)(可)(能)(的)(事)(情)(,只)(要)(下)(定)(决)(心)(,后)(来)(也)(就)(办)(成)(了)(,想)(想)(也)(没)(那)(么)(难)(。
  论)(理)(财)(的)(能)(力)(,我)(绝)(对)(在)(她)(之)(上)(,我)(有)(十)(几)(年)(的)(投)(资)(经)(验)(,市)(面)(上)(再)(复)(杂)(的)(金)(融)(工)(具)(,我)(也)(掌)(握)(得)(一)(清)(二)(楚)(,而)(她)(连)(买)(个)(银)(行)(理)(财)(产)(品)(还)(要)(问)(人)(家)(保)(不)(保)(本)(。
  但)(在)(这)(件)(事)(上)(,我)(却)(从)(一)(开)(始)(就)(陷)(入)(了)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”——不)(去)(思)(考)(学)(区)(房)(是)(不)(是)(一)(个)(必)(须)(而)(且)(合)(理)(的)(目)(标)(,而)(是)(首)(先)(考)(虑)(自)(己)(的)(钱)(够)(不)(够)(。
  “穷)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(特)(点)(是)(量)(入)(为)(出)(,“富)(人)(思)(维)(”特)(点)(是)(目)(标)(导)(向)(。
  穷)(人)(思)(维)(买)(房)(,先)(考)(虑)(我)(有)(多)(少)(钱)(付)(首)(付)(,月)(收)(入)(多)(少)(还)(贷)(?再)(倒)(过)(来)(推)(算)(,自)(己)(该)(不)(该)(买)(房)(,买)(什)(么)(房)(。
  富)(人)(思)(维)(买)(房)(,首)(先)(问)(,我)(要)(不)(要)(买)(房)(,想)(买)(什)(么)(房)(?然)(后)(再)(算)(,还)(差)(多)(少)(,怎)(么)(解)(决)(。
  如)(果)(一)(项)(任)(务)(的)(目)(标)(是)(合)(理)(的)(,那)(么)(我)(们)(就)(不)(能)(以)(“资)(源)(不)(足)(”为)(理)(由)(,去)(否)(定)(这)(个)(目)(标)(。这)(就)(是)(有)(钱)(人)(告)(诉)(我)(们)(的)(,至)(关)(重)(要)(的)(一)(条)(做)(事)(原)(则)(。
  06
  “穷)(人)(思)(维)(”最)(可)(怕)(的)(一)(点)(,它)(会)(消)(耗)(我)(们)(有)(限)(的)(自)(控)(力)(。
  过)(去)(有)(一)(种)(看)(法)(,穷)(人)(的)(意)(志)(力)(会)(更)(强)(,而)(事)(实)(完)(全)(相)(反)(。
  行)(为)(经)(济)(学)(上)(有)(一)(个)(叫)(“决)(策)(疲)(劳)(”的)(概)(念)(,短)(时)(间)(内)(,你)(做)(出)(的)(决)(策)(越)(多)(,你)(的)(精)(力)(越)(疲)(惫)(,内)(心)(越)(不)(愿)(意)(再)(一)(次)(权)(衡)(利)(弊)(,导)(致)(你)(的)(决)(策)(越)(来)(越)(随)(意)(。
  有)(经)(济)(学)(家)(发)(现)(“决)(策)(疲)(劳)(”对)(穷)(人)(的)(影)(响)(最)(大)(。美)(国)(的)(穷)(人)(更)(喜)(欢)(买)(垃)(圾)(食)(品)(,不)(仅)(仅)(是)(因)(为)(便)(宜)(,而)(且)(因)(为)(他)(们)(习)(惯)(每)(买)(一)(样)(东)(西)(,都)(要)(反)(复)(比)(价)(。一)(方)(面)(,这)(占)(用)(了)(他)(们)(的)(大)(量)(时)(间)(,没)(有)(精)(力)(去)(提)(高)(自)(己)(的)(判)(断)(能)(力)(;另)(一)(方)(面)(,那)(些)(频)(繁)(的)(、无)(意)(义)(的)(决)(策)(,使)(他)(们)(的)(大)(脑)(疲)(劳)(,无)(法)(抵)(御)(那)(些)(垃)(圾)(食)(品)(的)(诱)(惑)(。
  美)(国)(的)(例)(子)(无)(感)(?想)(想)(自)(己)(减)(肥)(的)(经)(历)(吧)(,在)(大)(量)(运)(动)(消)(耗)(了)(你)(的)(意)(志)(力)(之)(后)(,你)(是)(不)(是)(更)(抵)(挡)(不)(了)(冰)(激)(淋)(的)(诱)(惑)(了)(?总)(是)(想)(找)(机)(会)(“慰)(劳)(”自)(己)(一)(下)(,导)(致)(前)(功)(尽)(弃)(?
  电)(影)(《华)(尔)(街)(之)(狼)(》讲)(了)(一)(个)(专)(门)(骗)(穷)(人)(的)(股)(票)(经)(纪)(人)(,他)(发)(现)(穷)(人)(在)(长)(期)(的)(消)(费)(决)(策)(中)(,形)(成)(了)(一)(种)(思)(维)(惯)(性)(——便)(宜)(的)(东)(西)(更)(有)(吸)(引)(力)(。当)(他)(们)(把)(这)(种)(思)(维)(惯)(性)(带)(到)(了)(投)(资)(中)(,就)(成)(为)(“垃)(圾)(股)(”的)(目)(标)(客)(户)(。
  影)(片)(里)(有)(一)(句)(台)(词)(:“我)(们)(把)(垃)(圾)(卖)(给)(垃)(圾)(人)(,因)(为)(钱)(在)(我)(们)(手)(里)(,总)(比)(在)(他)(们)(手)(里)(更)(能)(发)(挥)(价)(值)(。”这)(是)(天)(下)(骗)(子)(的)(心)(声)(啊)(。
  把)(“垃)(圾)(”卖)(给)(想)(发)(财)(的)(穷)(人)(,这)(在)(中)(国)(也)(是)(最)(赚)(钱)(的)(生)(意)(。那)(些)(利)(率)(高)(得)(吓)(死)(人)(的)(垃)(圾)(P2P,那)(些)(根)(本)(不)(可)(能)(上)(市)(的)(“内)(部)(原)(始)(股)(”,还)(有)(无)(数)(次)(崩)(盘)(又)(卷)(士)(重)(来)(的)(“3M骗)(局)(”,都)(是)(抓)(住)(了)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(致)(命)(弱)(点)(——既)(无)(判)(断)(力)(,又)(无)(自)(制)(力)(。
  那)(些)(富)(人)(是)(怎)(么)(投)(资)(的)(呢)(?在)(巴)(菲)(特)(的)(投)(资)(偏)(好)(中)(,既)(没)(有)(房)(地)(产)(,也)(没)(有)(互)(联)(网)(,前)(者)(因)(为)(不)(喜)(欢)(,后)(者)(因)(为)(看)(不)(懂)(。
  这)(就)(是)(自)(制)(力)(,如)(猎)(豹)(一)(般)(,集)(中)(自)(己)(的)(有)(限)(精)(力)(,长)(时)(间)(地)(等)(待)(自)(己)(看)(得)(懂)(的)(机)(会)(,最)(后)(全)(力)(一)(击)(。
  我)(们)(前)(面)(说)(过)(,“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”不)(是)(穷)(人)(的)(专)(利)(。事)(实)(上)(,富)(人)(在)(重)(大)(的)(决)(策)(中)(,也)(常)(常)(会)(陷)(入)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”中)(,哪)(怕)(是)(最)(不)(缺)(钱)(花)(的)(富)(人)(——皇)(帝)(。
  07
  清)(道)(光)(帝)(在)(历)(代)(皇)(帝)(中)(,以)(“节)(俭)(”闻)(名)(。
  他)(“抠)(门)(”到)(什)(么)(程)(度)(?皇)(后)(过)(生)(日)(,一)(人)(一)(碗)(打)(卤)(面)(——吃)(完)(不)(准)(添)(。
  他)(在)(建)(自)(己)(的)(陵)(寝)(时)(,因)(为)(给)(得)(银)(子)(太)(少)(,产)(生)(了)(严)(重)(的)(施)(工)(质)(量)(问)(题)(,最)(后)(不)(得)(不)(返)(工)(,两)(建)(一)(拆)(,耗)(资)(反)(而)(是)(清)(代)(帝)(陵)(中)(最)(多)(的)(。
  用)(《稀)(缺)(》里)(的)(一)(句)(话)(来)(说)(:“我)(们)(在)(小)(物)(件)(上)(连)(几)(毛)(几)(分)(钱)(都)(会)(计)(较)(,而)(在)(大)(物)(件)(上)(却)(挥)(金)(如)(土)(。”
  道)(光)(为)(什)(么)(会)(有)(如)(此)(严)(重)(的)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”,我)(认)(为)(是)(“康)(乾)(盛)(世)(”的)(虚)(假)(繁)(荣)(,导)(致)(嘉)(庆)(一)(朝)(财)(政)(空)(虚)(,给)(当)(时)(还)(是)(皇)(子)(的)(道)(光)(,留)(下)(了)(无)(法)(磨)(灭)(的)(可)(怕)(印)(象)(——穷)(怕)(了)(。
  于)(是)(道)(光)(的)(“节)(俭)(”,到)(了)(“误)(国)(”的)(程)(度)(。
  道)(光)(挖)(空)(心)(思)(想)(节)(省)(开)(支)(的)(办)(法)(,居)(然)(把)(主)(意)(打)(到)(了)(驻)(守)(新)(疆)(的)(军)(队)(上)(,想)(撤)(了)(他)(们)(。
  大)(臣)(想)(,这)(不)(是)(开)(国)(际)(玩)(笑)(吗)(?道)(光)(嘴)(一)(撇)(,不)(撤)(也)(行)(,反)(正)(我)(不)(给)(钱)(了)(,大)(家)(自)(己)(想)(办)(法)(吧)(。
  这)(一)(逼)(,果)(然)(逼)(出)(办)(法)(,大)(臣)(把)(驻)(守)(其)(他)(要)(塞)(的)(军)(队)(平)(均)(撤)(掉)(一)(些)(,把)(节)(省)(下)(来)(的)(军)(晌)(拨)(给)(新)(疆)(。
  到)(了)(十)(几)(年)(后)(的)(鸦)(片)(战)(争)(,他)(们)(才)(发)(现)(,英)(国)(军)(舰)(可)(以)(在)(十)(几)(天)(内)(,把)(大)(批)(士)(兵)(从)(广)(州)(运)(到)(天)(津)(。而)(清)(军)(分)(散)(在)(全)(国)(各)(地)(,一)(次)(兵)(力)(的)(集)(结)(,往)(往)(要)(几)(个)(月)(——仗)(都)(打)(完)(了)(,十)(几)(万)(军)(队)(还)(在)(半)(路)(上)(东)(奔)(西)(跑)(。
  这)(就)(是)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(核)(心)(,如)(果)(你)(只)(关)(注)(钱)(,你)(往)(往)(是)(在)(浪)(费)(钱)(;如)(果)(你)(只)(关)(注)(眼)(前)(的)(利)(益)(,很)(可)(能)(,你)(赢)(了)(一)(场)(战)(役)(,却)(输)(掉)(了)(整)(个)(战)(场)(。
  08
  冯)(小)(刚)(的)(《1942》里)(,张)(国)(立)(演)(的)(地)(主)(在)(逃)(荒)(路)(上)(说)(了)(一)(句)(话)(:“我)(知)(道)(咋)(从)(一)(个)(穷)(人)(变)(成)(财)(主)(,不)(出)(十)(年)(,你)(大)(爷)(我)(还)(是)(东)(家)(,那)(时)(候)(咱)(再)(回)(来)(……”
  怎)(么)(让)(穷)(人)(变)(成)(财)(主)(,我)(不)(知)(道)(,但)(我)(认)(为)(首)(先)(要)(摆)(脱)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”,以)(下)(给)(大)(家)(几)(点)(建)(议)(:
  1.建)(立)(“时)(间)(价)(值)(”的)(概)(念)(,减)(少)(做)(那)(些)(“时)(间)(花)(得)(多)(收)(益)(少)(”的)(事)(情)(;
  2.牢)(记)(“沉)(没)(成)(本)(”不)(可)(追)(,钱)(已)(经)(花)(错)(了)(,再)(浪)(费)(时)(间)(,就)(是)(错)(上)(加)(错)(;
  3.培)(养)(“目)(标)(导)(向)(”的)(思)(维)(,好)(项)(目)(永)(远)(比)(钱)(少)(,只)(要)(目)(标)(正)(确)(,钱)(总)(有)(办)(法)(解)(决)(;
  4.减)(少)(无)(意)(义)(的)(频)(繁)(决)(策)(,节)(省)(宝)(贵)(的)(意)(志)(力)(。比)(如)(说)(,我)(们)(可)(以)(在)(年)(初)(设)(立)(一)(个)(“享)(受)(一)(下)(”的)(基)(金)(,所)(有)(预)(算)(外)(消)(费)(都)(在)(这)(里)(开)(支)(,而)(不)(必)(每)(次)(反)(复)(权)(衡)(;比)(如)(说)(,以)(基)(金)(定)(投)(这)(种)(被)(动)(的)(、不)(需)(要)(决)(策)(的)(投)(资)(品)(种)(,为)(主)(要)(的)(投)(资)(对)(象)(;再)(比)(如)(说)(,需)(要)(意)(志)(力)(的)(活)(动)((学)(外)(语)(、健)(身)(等)(等)()只)(挑)(最)(重)(要)(的)(,多)(了)(会)(影)(响)(你)(重)(大)(决)(策)(时)(的)(判)(断)(力)(;
  5.拓)(展)(自)(己)(的)(视)(野)(,适)(当)(做)(一)(些)(眼)(前)(“无)(用)(”的)(事)(,防)(止)(进)(入)(只)(关)(注)(当)(下)(的)(“管)(窥)(”状)(态)(,建)(立)(长)(远)(规)(划)(的)(战)(略)(意)(识)(。
  以)(前)(,我)(妈)(每)(年)(年)(底)(大)(扫)(除)(扔)(东)(西)(时)(,总)(爱)(念)(叨)(一)(句)(话)(:“穷)(人)(才)(留)(破)(烂)(,越)(留)(越)(穷)(。”其)(实)(,“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”才)(是)(我)(们)(最)(应)(扔)(掉)(的)(越)(留)(越)(穷)(的)(“破)(烂)(”。永)(远)(记)(住)(,穷)(的)(不)(是)(缺)(钱)(的)(人)(,而)(是)(在)(“穷)(人)(思)(维)(”的)(怪)(圈)(里)(走)(不)(出)(来)(的)(人)(。
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