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用一个人几十年的行走,写一座城(1)(组图)

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年12月12日 00:11:33
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龙虎和什么赔率平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。用一个人几十年的行走,写一座城(1)(组图)

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(《纯)(真)(博)(物)(馆)(》版)(本)(:上)(海)(人)(民)(出)(版)(社)(2010年)(1月)(《我)(的)(名)(字)(叫)(红)(》版)(本)(:上)(海)(人)(民)(出)(版)(社)(2006年)(8月)(《天)(真)(的)(和)(感)(伤)(的)(小)(说)(家)(》版)(本)(:上)(海)(人)(民)(出)(版)(社)(2012年)(9月)(  帕)(慕)(克)(的)(新)(书)(《我)(脑)(袋)(里)(的)(怪)(东)(西)(》,讲)(述)(了)(一)(名)(街)(头)(“钵)(扎)(”小)(贩)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(从)(乡)(村)(进)(入)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,四)(十)(余)(年)(间)(在)(这)(座)(城)(市)(里)(的)(流)(转)(、人)(生)(、幻)(想)(和)(他)(朋)(友)(们)(的)(故)(事)(。  主)(人)(公)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(,是)(一)(个)(沿)(街)(叫)(卖)(钵)(扎)(的)(街)(头)(小)(贩)(。他)(1957年)(出)(生)(于)(土)(耳)(其)(最)(西)(端)(的)(一)(个)(小)(村)(庄)(。十)(二)(岁)(,跟)(随)(父)(亲)(来)(到)(大)(城)(市)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,此)(后)(几)(乎)(一)(直)(生)(活)(在)(这)(里)(。几)(十)(年)(间)(,他)(喊)(着)(“钵)(——扎)(”时)(,也)(是)(在)(对)(自)(己)(的)(回)(忆)(呼)(喊)(。从)(最)(初)(在)(城)(市)(边)(界)(处)(的)(贫)(民)(窟)(,到)(故)(事)(结)(束)(时)(的)(2012年)(,麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(一)(家)(搬)(进)(了)(城)(里)(的)(公)(寓)(。最)(终)(,帕)(慕)(克)(完)(成)(了)(一)(幅)(多)(人)(视)(角)(齐)(齐)(描)(绘)(的)(这)(四)(十)(年)(间)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(的)(城)(市)(生)(活)(画)(卷)(。  再)(一)(次)(换)(花)(样)(,会)(讲)(故)(事)(的)(帕)(慕)(克)(  到)(《我)(脑)(袋)(里)(的)(怪)(东)(西)(》这)(本)(小)(说)(止)(,帕)(慕)(克)(会)(讲)(故)(事)(的)(能)(力)(,我)(们)(已)(经)(毫)(不)(怀)(疑)(。有)(的)(小)(说)(家)(,希)(望)(越)(来)(越)(沉)(入)(抽)(象)(,反)(抗)(一)(直)(以)(来)(仍)(有)(广)(泛)(和)(扎)(实)(根)(基)(的)(讲)(故)(事)(的)(小)(说)(传)(统)(。而)(帕)(慕)(克)(,是)(另)(一)(类)(,他)(倒)(越)(来)(越)(像)(一)(些)(认)(定)(传)(统)(和)(经)(典)(小)(说)(写)(法)(的)(作)(家)(一)(样)(,故)(事)(成)(为)(了)(小)(说)(的)(首)(先)(追)(求)(。他)(自)(己)(也)(曾)(说)(:“我)(是)(一)(个)(视)(觉)(作)(家)(,而)(不)(是)(有)(着)(哲)(学)(信)(息)(的)(戏)(剧)(性)(作)(家)(。”兴)(许)(与)(此)(有)(关)(,他)(的)(每)(一)(本)(小)(说)(的)(体)(量)(都)(很)(丰)(腴)(。  这)(一)(次)(,帕)(慕)(克)(讲)(述)(关)(于)(“钵)(扎)(”小)(贩)(的)(故)(事)(,换)(了)(讲)(故)(事)(的)(花)(样)(——虽)(然)(技)(巧)(上)(并)(不)(难)(办)(到)(。他)(使)(用)(故)(事)(中)(多)(个)(人)(物)(的)(角)(度)(穿)(插)(,来)(讲)(述)(、补)(述)(同)(一)(件)(事)(,形)(成)(更)(完)(整)(的)(全)(景)(描)(述)(。它)(们)(是)(:不)(同)(人)(的)(角)(度)(,不)(同)(人)(的)(体)(验)(,不)(同)(人)(看)(到)(的)(事)(实)(,以)(及)(一)(种)(相)(对)(冷)(静)(的)(第)(三)(者)(叙)(述)(。在)(多)(个)(人)(物)(视)(角)(拼)(接)(的)(过)(程)(中)(,读)(者)(会)(收)(获)(一)(种)(更)(具)(参)(与)(性)(的)(拼)(图)(体)(验)(。这)(种)(多)(角)(度)(,与)(《我)(的)(名)(字)(叫)(红)(》完)(全)(不)(一)(样)(,那)(是)(不)(同)(人)(物)(的)(纵)(深)(挖)(掘)(,独)(立)(成)(篇)(。本)(书)(则)(是)(同)(一)(事)(件)(的)(不)(同)(截)(面)(和)(视)(角)(,是)(众)(多)(人)(物)(从)(不)(同)(角)(度)(开)(口)(,是)(弥)(补)(上)(帝)(视)(角)(的)(缺)(席)(,补)(充)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(的)(故)(事)(。  如)(此)(,阅)(读)(这)(本)(小)(说)(时)(,产)(生)(了)(一)(种)(奇)(特)(的)(阅)(读)(轮)(换)(感)(、交)(替)(感)(。它)(既)(与)(作)(者)(使)(用)(多)(人)(物)(角)(度)(叙)(述)(的)(频)(繁)(交)(替)(有)(关)(,也)(与)(整)(个)(书)(流)(动)(的)(城)(市)(变)(迁)(感)(有)(关)(,还)(与)(只)(有)(在)(夜)(晚)(街)(道)(中)(挑)(担)(行)(走)(叫)(卖)(的)(主)(人)(公)(的)(足)(音)(有)(关)(。旧)(的)(退)(去)(,被)(拆)(除)(,被)(遗)(忘)(,新)(的)(竖)(起)(来)(,成)(为)(噪)(音)(,成)(为)(力)(量)(。商)(业)(的)(浓)(重)(气)(息)(袭)(来)(,酸)(奶)(公)(司)(启)(用)(满)(载)(玻)(璃)(罐)(和)(木)(箱)(的)(卡)(车)(配)(送)(酸)(奶)(,挤)(压)(一)(个)(个)(沿)(街)(叫)(卖)(的)(酸)(奶)(小)(贩)(的)(生)(意)(。  随)(着)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(在)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(的)(生)(活)(流)(转)(,他)(也)(在)(多)(个)(工)(种)(之)(间)(轮)(换)(:除)(了)(大)(部)(分)(时)(间)(卖)(酸)(奶)(卖)(钵)(扎)(,中)(间)(也)(穿)(插)(过)(这)(样)(的)(行)(当)(:卖)(鹰)(嘴)(豆)(饭)(、小)(餐)(厅)(盯)(场)(子)(的)(主)(管)(,抄)(电)(表)(的)(收)(费)(员)(……他)(还)(在)(阴)(差)(阳)(错)(的)(爱)(情)(中)(流)(转)(:本)(来)(与)(妹)(妹)(萨)(米)(哈)(一)(见)(钟)(情)(,年)(轻)(时)(花)(很)(多)(时)(间)(写)(情)(书)(,抢)(亲)(却)(抢)(错)(,与)(姐)(姐)(拉)(伊)(哈)(结)(婚)(,若)(干)(年)(后)(,步)(入)(老)(年)(的)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(与)(萨)(米)(哈)(又)(生)(活)(在)(了)(一)(起)(,但)(到)(最)(后)(他)(发)(现)(,在)(这)(个)(世)(界)(上)(,他)(还)(是)(最)(爱)(逝)(去)(的)(妻)(子)(拉)(伊)(哈)(……除)(了)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(本)(人)(,还)(有)(几)(代)(人)(之)(间)(的)(关)(系)(,老)(的)(进)(城)(,老)(的)(逝)(去)(,年)(轻)(的)(变)(老)(,强)(势)(的)(长)(辈)(与)(叛)(逆)(的)(子)(女)(,一)(代)(与)(一)(代)(之)(间)(的)(更)(替)(……这)(种)(流)(转)(感)(,如)(让)(阅)(读)(者)(置)(身)(时)(间)(河)(流)(,一)(种)(与)(变)(迁)(有)(关)(的)(隐)(约)(忧)(伤)(。它)(应)(该)(不)(只)(是)(常)(见)(评)(价)(中)(的)(“一)(个)(街)(头)(摊)(贩)(的)(爱)(情)(史)(诗)(,冒)(险)(传)(奇)(,在)(大)(城)(市)(的)(奋)(斗)(历)(程)(”。也)(是)(那)(个)(正)(在)(消)(逝)(中)(的)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,也)(是)(这)(座)(废)(墟)(之)(城)(走)(向)(现)(代)(化)(的)(痕)(迹)(。  正)(如)(马)(尔)(克)(斯)(曾)(找)(寻)(《百)(年)(孤)(独)(》的)(叙)(述)(语)(调)(一)(样)(,帕)(慕)(克)(这)(次)(也)(在)(寻)(找)(恰)(当)(的)(叙)(述)(语)(调)(,既)(属)(于)(曾)(自)(称)(是)(“一)(位)(书)(卷)(气)(作)(家)(”的)(他)(,也)(要)(属)(于)(书)(中)(的)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(。  虽)(然)(是)(讲)(一)(位)(街)(头)(小)(贩)(的)(生)(活)(,但)(因)(为)(是)(讲)(他)(“脑)(袋)(里)(的)(怪)(东)(西)(”,帕)(慕)(克)(可)(以)(“天)(真)(的)(与)(感)(伤)(的)(”并)(存)(地)(找)(到)(一)(种)(语)(调)(,写)(出)(这)(段)(话)(:“身)(处)(城)(市)(熙)(熙)(攘)(攘)(的)(人)(群)(中)(,也)(可)(能)(感)(到)(孤)(独)(,但)(是)(让)(城)(市)(成)(为)(城)(市)(的)(东)(西)(,也)(恰)(恰)(是)(这)(种)(能)(够)(在)(人)(群)(中)(隐)(藏)(自)(己)(头)(脑)(里)(的)(怪)(念)(头)(的)(可)(能)(”。  这)(种)(语)(调)(,让)(帕)(慕)(克)(可)(以)(比)(较)(从)(容)(地)(写)(一)(个)(脑)(里)(有)(怪)(想)(法)(的)(街)(头)(小)(贩)(,如)(何)(自)(处)(于)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(这)(座)(城)(。在)(这)(样)(的)(语)(调)(下)(,年)(轻)(的)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(尾)(随)(一)(个)(心)(仪)(的)(陌)(生)(女)(人)(时)(,帕)(慕)(克)(写)(道)(有)(两)(个)(原)(因)(让)(他)(喜)(欢)(拉)(开)(彼)(此)(的)(距)(离)(。  “1.在)(城)(市)(拥)(挤)(的)(人)(群)(里)(,无)(论)(他)(们)(之)(间)(相)(距)(多)(远)(,麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(都)(能)(够)(知)(道)(那)(个)(小)(小)(的)(栗)(色)(斑)(点)(就)(是)(奈)(丽)(曼)(,知)(道)(她)(将)(做)(什)(么)(。而)(这)(个)(距)(离)(,让)(他)(内)(心)(产)(生)(一)(种)(感)(觉)(,仿)(佛)(他)(们)(之)(间)(存)(在)(某)(种)(特)(殊)(的)(精)(神)(上)(的)(亲)(近)(。  2.他)(们)(之)(间)(的)(所)(有)(楼)(房)(、商)(店)(、橱)(窗)(、人)(群)(、广)(告)(、电)(影)(海)(报)(,对)(于)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(来)(说)(,宛)(如)(他)(和)(奈)(丽)(曼)(分)(享)(的)(一)(段)(生)(活)(。随)(着)(他)(们)(之)(间)(距)(离)(的)(增)(大)(,似)(乎)(他)(们)(的)(共)(同)(记)(忆)(也)(在)(增)(加)(。”  伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,他)(笔)(下)(一)(直)(追)(寻)(的)(主)(角)(  好)(作)(家)(都)(在)(作)(品)(中)(,对)(某)(个)(命)(题)(一)(直)(追)(问)(。写)(过)(文)(艺)(、政)(治)(、爱)(情)(种)(种)(……对)(于)(帕)(慕)(克)(一)(直)(追)(问)(的)(那)(个)(点)(,我)(们)(也)(越)(来)(越)(明)(晰)(,自)(始)(至)(终)(都)(离)(不)(开)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(这)(座)(城)(,有)(时)(古)(远)(,有)(时)(眼)(前)(。在)(他)(笔)(下)(,这)(是)(带)(着)(特)(有)(“呼)(愁)(”(土)(耳)(其)(语)(“忧)(伤)(”的)(音)(译)()气)(质)(的)(一)(座)(城)(市)(。一)(座)(充)(满)(帝)(国)(遗)(迹)(的)(城)(市)(。一)(座)(传)(统)(与)(现)(代)(并)(存)(、东)(西)(方)(文)(化)(撞)(击)(、昔)(日)(荣)(华)(今)(日)(伤)(感)(的)(城)(市)(。这)(城)(市)(,比)(现)(实)(中)(的)(旅)(游)(手)(册)(,比)(我)(们)(自)(己)(用)(眼)(睛)(去)(看)(见)(、双)(脚)(去)(旅)(游)(的)(现)(实)(中)(的)(那)(个)(城)(市)(,可)(能)(要)(更)(深)(邃)(,要)(更)(复)(杂)(。甚)(至)(,根)(本)(不)(是)(一)(个)(模)(样)(。  帕)(慕)(克)(笔)(下)(的)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,可)(能)(并)(不)(等)(同)(于)(现)(实)(中)(的)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,却)(又)(有)(一)(种)(更)(真)(切)(的)(肌)(理)(和)(脉)(搏)(。如)(同)(麦)(夫)(鲁)(特)(行)(走)(在)(这)(城)(市)(的)(巷)(头)(暗)(角)(与)(大)(街)(。“沉)(默)(的)(混)(凝)(土)(新)(墙)(,无)(数)(不)(断)(执)(着)(变)(幻)(的)(奇)(怪)(海)(报)(,他)(以)(为)(已)(到)(尽)(头)(的)(一)(条)(街)(道)(却)(稍)(微)(一)(转)(、跟)(他)(开)(玩)(笑)(似)(的)(仿)(佛)(永)(无)(止)(境)(地)(向)(前)(延)(伸)(……”  在)(“2012文)(景)(艺)(文)(季)(”上)(,作)(家)(张)(大)(春)(谈)(论)(“文)(艺)(是)(否)(能)(改)(变)(一)(座)(城)(”时)(说)(:“一)(个)(城)(市)(的)(身)(份)(并)(不)(见)(得)(是)(属)(于)(真)(实)(生)(活)(的)(,也)(是)(和)(现)(实)(脱)(离)(的)(。但)(是)(历)(史)(长)(河)(走)(过)(之)(后)(,那)(些)(被)(理)(解)(的)(反)(而)(是)(回)(头)(带)(定)(义)(的)(城)(市)(。当)(一)(座)(城)(因)(为)(文)(学)(改)(变)(意)(义)(的)(时)(候)(,这)(个)(城)(已)(经)(不)(再)(是)(一)(个)(城)(了)(,这)(个)(城)(将)(会)(拥)(有)(比)(街)(道)(,比)(城)(墙)(更)(长)(久)(,更)(具)(有)(反)(思)(意)(义)(的)(符)(号)(。”作)(家)(唐)(诺)(呼)(应)(道)(:“一)(个)(城)(市)(跟)(你)(的)(关)(系)(通)(常)(就)(是)(那)(几)(个)(人)(,那)(两)(条)(街)(,那)(几)(间)(房)(间)(……书)(写)(者)(凭)(借)(他)(的)(专)(注)(,他)(的)(直)(觉)(写)(下)(来)(某)(种)(东)(西)(,这)(是)(一)(种)(以)(追)(忆)(,一)(种)(存)(留)(,一)(种)(简)(写)(的)(方)(式)(来)(完)(成)(的)(。我)(觉)(得)(改)(变)(一)(个)(城)(市)(的)(方)(式)(,可)(能)(不)(是)(以)(一)(种)(兴)(高)(采)(烈)(,拉)(拉)(队)(式)(的)(……真)(正)(的)(改)(变)(,是)(在)(挑)(选)(记)(忆)(存)(留)(的)(过)(程)(完)(成)(的)(。”  在)(帕)(慕)(克)(的)(小)(说)(中)(,一)(个)(不)(变)(的)(主)(角)(是)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(。他)(自)(己)(曾)(描)(述)(写)(《黑)(书)(》的)(背)(景)(:最)(初)(的)(想)(法)(是)(创)(作)(一)(部)(关)(于)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(的)(重)(要)(著)(作)(,我)(的)(一)(生)(都)(在)(这)(个)(城)(市)(度)(过)(,我)(有)(点)(想)(像)(乔)(伊)(斯)(写)(都)(柏)(林)(那)(样)(来)(描)(写)(伊)(斯)(坦)(布)(尔)(,描)(写)(它)(的)(每)(一)(条)(街)(道)(,每)(一)(个)(商)(店)(,每)(一)(片)(广)(场)(……它)(层)(层)(叠)(叠)(的)(历)(史)(,它)(的)(复)(杂)(性)(,它)(阿)(拉)(伯)(式)(的)(结)(构)(,那)(里)(没)(有)(一)(条)(街)(道)(是)(笔)(直)(的)(……作)(为)(一)(个)(谜)(一)(般)(的)(,有)(着)(梦)(幻)(神)(秘)(的)(城)(市)(。  (下)(转)(B03版)()
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