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华裔科学家张远为何成热门人选?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月21日 13:10:41
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龙虎和能玩吗平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。华裔科学家张远为何成热门人选?

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(到)(了)(上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(初)(,人)(类)(免)(疫)(缺)(陷)(病)(毒)(,即)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(毒)((HIV)引)(起)(的)(艾)(滋)(病)(出)(现)(以)(后)(,人)(们)(发)(现)(,这)(种)(肉)(瘤)(在)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(身)(上)(是)(高)(发)(的)(。而)(在)(这)(些)(病)(人)(身)(上)(,肉)(瘤)(的)(发)(展)(也)(比)(较)(快)(速)(,常)(常)(能)(导)(致)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(人)(死)(亡)(。当)(时)(甚)(至)(有)(人)(认)(为)(这)(一)(肉)(瘤)(是)(由)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(毒)(引)(起)(的)(。
直)(到)(1994年)(,张)(远)(和)(丈)(夫)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(,从)(这)(一)(肉)(瘤)(当)(中)(鉴)(定)(到)(了)(新)(的)(核)(酸)(序)(列)(,发)(现)(是)(一)(种)(新)(的)(疱)(疹)(病)(毒)(DNA序)(列)(,从)(而)(为)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(的)(病)(因)(验)(明)(正)(身)(,明)(确)(了)(这)(种)(病)(毒)(和)(艾)(滋)(病)(毒)(是)(不)(一)(样)(的)(,并)(称)(之)(为)(卡)(波)(济)(肉)(瘤)(相)(关)(的)(疱)(疹)(病)(毒)((KSHV),后)(来)(也)(称)(为)(人)(类)(疱)(疹)(病)(毒)(8型)(。
这)(一)(病)(毒)(的)(感)(染)(途)(径)(,主)(要)(是)(性)(传)(播)(和)(密)(切)(的)(生)(活)(接)(触)(等)(。在)(免)(疫)(功)(能)(正)(常)(的)(人)(群)(中)(,一)(般)(情)(况)(下)(单)(独)(由)(它)(引)(发)(的)(肿)(瘤)(的)(恶)(性)(程)(度)(远)(不)(如)(常)(见)(的)(一)(些)(癌)(症)(,很)(多)(病)(人)(都)(能)(够)(正)(常)(地)(生)(活)(。科)(学)(家)(发)(现)(,这)(一)(肿)(瘤)(在)(免)(疫)(力)(低)(下)(的)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(当)(中)(进)(展)(却)(非)(常)(迅)(速)(,这)(是)(由)(于)(KSHV和)(HIV共)(同)(感)(染)(引)(起)(的)(典)(型)(表)(征)(。
自)(从)(针)(对)(艾)(滋)(病)(病)(人)(的)(鸡)(尾)(酒)(疗)(法)(出)(现)(后)(,不)(仅)(可)(以)(重)(建)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(的)(免)(疫)(系)(统)(功)(能)(,间)(接)(地)(对)(于)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(并)(发)(的)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(的)(治)(疗)(也)(有)(比)(较)(好)(的)(效)(果)(。当)(然)(,这)(一)(疗)(法)(也)(因)(人)(而)(异)(,有)(的)(病)(人)(肉)(瘤)(并)(没)(有)(消)(退)(,但)(有)(的)(病)(人)(病)(情)(得)(到)(了)(控)(制)(,甚)(至)(有)(个)(别)(病)(人)(的)(肉)(瘤)(就)(此)(消)(失)(。
美)(国)(匹)(兹)(堡)(大)(学)(官)(网)(上)(对)(张)(远)(教)(授)(的)(介)(绍)(。
打)(开)(了)(一)(扇)(研)(究)(之)(门)(
卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(的)(发)(现)(有)(何)(科)(学)(意)(义)(?蓝)(柯)(认)(为)(,对)(于)(一)(种)(疾)(病)(来)(讲)(,搞)(清)(楚)(它)(的)(病)(因)(意)(义)(重)(大)(;对)(于)(由)(病)(毒)(引)(起)(的)(疾)(病)(来)(说)(,掌)(握)(病)(毒)(的)(序)(列)(结)(构)(、传)(播)(规)(律)(等)(是)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(,否)(则)(预)(防)(和)(治)(疗)(无)(从)(下)(手)(。
在)(张)(远)(和)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(发)(现)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(之)(前)(,人)(们)(对)(于)(这)(种)(病)(毒)(几)(乎)(没)(有)(什)(么)(认)(识)(,可)(以)(说)(打)(开)(了)(一)(扇)(研)(究)(之)(门)(。这)(一)(发)(现)(对)(于)(全)(球)(公)(共)(卫)(生)(来)(说)(,也)(是)(一)(个)(重)(要)(的)(贡)(献)(。目)(前)(在)(非)(洲)(一)(些)(地)(方)(,这)(种)(病)(毒)(在)(人)(群)(中)(的)(感)(染)(率)(甚)(至)(高)(达)(30%到)(50%,而)(每)(年)(都)(会)(新)(增)(3-5万)(卡)(波)(济)(肉)(瘤)(病)(人)(。
此)(外)(,卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(是)(艾)(滋)(病)(人)(经)(常)(会)(并)(发)(的)(一)(种)(肿)(瘤)(,加)(上)(病)(人)(免)(疫)(力)(低)(下)(,肿)(瘤)(会)(扩)(散)(得)(很)(快)(,加)(速)(了)(病)(人)(死)(亡)(。有)(了)(这)(一)(发)(现)(,对)(于)(有)(针)(对)(性)(地)(发)(展)(该)(肿)(瘤)(的)(防)(控)(手)(段)(是)(大)(有)(裨)(益)(的)(。
目)(前)(,对)(于)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(的)(感)(染)(机)(理)(,科)(学)(家)(尚)(未)(完)(全)(阐)(明)(。全)(世)(界)(现)(有)(一)(百)(多)(家)(实)(验)(室)(专)(注)(于)(此)(研)(究)(,其)(中)(以)(美)(欧)(国)(家)(居)(多)(,我)(国)(大)(概)(有)(十)(多)(家)(实)(验)(室)(从)(事)(这)(一)(方)(向)(的)(研)(究)(,我)(国)(部)(分)(地)(区)(也)(存)(在)(该)(病)(毒)(的)(流)(行)(。
敢)(于)(涉)(足)(“无)(人)(区)(”
张)(远)(1959年)(出)(生)(于)(中)(国)(台)(湾)(,2012年)(和)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(同)(时)(当)(选)(美)(国)(科)(学)(院)(院)(士)(。尽)(管)(蓝)(柯)(和)(张)(远)(没)(有)(太)(多)(的)(接)(触)(,但)(他)(10多)(年)(前)(初)(涉)(这)(一)(研)(究)(领)(域)(时)(,偶)(尔)(会)(给)(张)(远)(发)(邮)(件)(请)(教)(一)(些)(科)(学)(问)(题)(,对)(方)(都)(会)(热)(情)(及)(时)(作)(答)(。“我)(和)(张)(远)(的)(先)(生)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(倒)(是)(有)(几)(次)(近)(距)(离)(的)(接)(触)(,感)(觉)(他)(学)(术)(视)(野)(比)(较)(开)(阔)(,立)(意)(也)(很)(高)(。”蓝)(柯)(说)(。
除)(了)(1994年)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(的)(重)(要)(发)(现)(,帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(和)(张)(远)(在)(2008年)(还)(鉴)(定)(了)(另)(外)(一)(种)(导)(致)(皮)(肤)(肿)(瘤)(-默)(克)(尔)(肉)(瘤)(的)(病)(毒)(。“在)(科)(学)(史)(上)(,目)(前)(总)(共)(发)(现)(了)(大)(概)(7个)(导)(致)(人)(类)(肿)(瘤)(的)(病)(毒)(,他)(们)(夫)(妇)(就)(占)(了)(2个)(。”蓝)(柯)(说)(。
2014年)(,国)(际)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(学)(术)(会)(议)(在)(中)(国)(举)(办)(,因)(为)(是)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(发)(现)(20周)(年)(,特)(邀)(了)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(与)(会)(。会)(议)(主)(办)(方)(是)(中)(科)(院)(生)(物)(物)(理)(所)(和)(中)(科)(院)(上)(海)(巴)(斯)(德)(所)(,蓝)(柯)(时)(任)(上)(海)(巴)(斯)(德)(所)(副)(所)(长)(,和)(生)(物)(物)(理)(所)(邓)(红)(雨)(研)(究)(员)(共)(同)(组)(织)(了)(那)(次)(会)(议)(,因)(此)(和)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(有)(过)(不)(少)(交)(流)(。后)(来)(在)(2015年)(,上)(海)(巴)(斯)(德)(所)(又)(专)(门)(邀)(请)(了)(帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(来)(做)(学)(术)(报)(告)(。
给)(蓝)(柯)(留)(下)(深)(刻)(印)(象)(的)(是)(,帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(总)(是)(尝)(试)(在)(科)(学)(的)(源)(头)(上)(做)(研)(究)(,也)(总)(是)(切)(中)(一)(些)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(问)(题)(。就)(拿)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(来)(说)(,当)(时)(学)(界)(对)(于)(这)(种)(疾)(病)(了)(解)(的)(非)(常)(少)(,而)(这)(对)(夫)(妻)(却)(敢)(于)(涉)(足)(“无)(人)(区)(”。
蓝)(柯)(至)(今)(记)(得)(,10多)(年)(前)(参)(加)(国)(际)(学)(术)(会)(议)(的)(时)(候)(,帕)(特)(里)(克)(·摩)(尔)(在)(听)(完)(别)(人)(的)(报)(告)(后)(,总)(是)(会)(积)(极)(地)(提)(问)(题)(,有)(时)(甚)(至)(不)(留)(情)(面)(。他)(也)(一)(直)(鼓)(励)(年)(轻)(人)(要)(敢)(想)(敢)(闯)(,比)(如)(对)(于)(卡)(波)(济)(氏)(肉)(瘤)(病)(毒)(来)(说)(,最)(有)(效)(的)(可)(能)(还)(是)(疫)(苗)(的)(研)(发)(,他)(就)(经)(常)(鼓)(励)(年)(轻)(科)(学)(家)(去)(开)(拓)(这)(方)(面)(的)(研)(究)(。
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