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中国人出境花了2.3万亿,买下全世界70%奢侈品,还有12亿人未上车!

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2020年01月28日 01:01:26
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(并)(且)(,中)(国)(人)(的)(消)(费)(已)(经)(不)(再)(是)(简)(单)(的)(衣)(食)(住)(行)(,1978年)(,老)(百)(姓)(每)(支)(出)(100块)(,有)(60块)(是)(拿)(来)(买)(食)(品)(,勉)(勉)(强)(强)(过)(生)(活)(,可)(到)(了)(2017年)(,中)(国)(老)(百)(姓)(每)(月)(39%的)(收)(入)(用)(于)(购)(买)(食)(品)(,61%用)(于)(购)(买)(提)(高)(生)(活)(品)(质)(的)(商)(品)(。
也)(就)(是)(整)(整)(讨)(论)(了)(两)(年)(的)(“消)(费)(升)(级)(”:
'v购)(买)(生)(活)(必)(需)(品)(转)(向)(购)(买)(精)(品)(,衣)(服)(和)(主)(食)(的)(消)(费)(份)(额)(正)(在)(不)(断)(下)(降)(。
'w低)(端)(的)(大)(众)(商)(品)(正)(在)(逐)(步)(退)(出)(市)(场)(,高)(端)(的)(品)(牌)(产)(品)(正)(在)(替)(代)(。
'x消)(费)(者)(将)(减)(少)(对)(有)(形)(商)(品)(的)(支)(出)(,而)(增)(加)(旅)(游)(和)(服)(务)(方)(面)(的)(支)(出)(,其)(中)(包)(括)(医)(疗)(保)(健)(、教)(育)(、娱)(乐)(、财)(务)(规)(划)(和)(旅)(游)(。
2017年)(中)(国)(电)(影)(总)(票)(房)(达)(559.11亿)(元)(,较)(上)(年)(同)(期)(增)(长)(13.45%,就)(是)(一)(个)(例)(子)(。
除)(此)(之)(外)(,中)(国)(还)(从)(全)(世)(界)(“采)(购)(”,奶)(粉)(之)(类)(的)(生)(活)(必)(需)(品)(就)(不)(用)(说)(了)(,现)(在)(中)(国)(也)(已)(经)(是)(世)(界)(最)(大)(的)(奢)(侈)(品)(市)(场)(,目)(前)(中)(国)(消)(费)(者)(买)(下)(全)(世)(界)(70%奢)(侈)(品)(,而)(且)(中)(国)(奢)(侈)(品)(消)(费)(者)(的)(平)(均)(年)(龄)(是)(39岁)(。比)(美)(国)(奢)(侈)(品)(消)(费)(者)(的)(平)(均)(年)(龄)(年)(轻)(15岁)(。
强)(劲)(的)(进)(口)(背)(后)(是)(,以)(美)(元)(计)(价)(,中)(国)(已)(经)(连)(续)(半)(年)(进)(口)(的)(增)(长)(超)(过)(出)(口)(。2017年)(11月)(,中)(国)(进)(口)(额)(增)(加)(了)(17.7%,出)(口)(增)(长)(12.3%。
所)(以)(,彭)(博)(社)(文)(章)(感)(叹)(道)(,“中)(国)(的)(出)(口)(依)(然)(坚)(挺)(,而)(进)(口)(的)(快)(速)(增)(长)(显)(示)(了)(中)(国)(经)(济)(实)(力)(的)(增)(强)(”。
02
旅)(游)(“逆)(差)(”越)(来)(越)(大)(
中)(国)(是)(世)(界)(工)(厂)(,生)(产)(、出)(口)(了)(大)(量)(工)(业)(制)(成)(品)(,出)(口)(规)(模)(世)(界)(第)(一)(,人)(们)(早)(就)(习)(惯)(了)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(。
在)(具)(体)(的)(贸)(易)(项)(目)(里)(,可)(能)(大)(家)(都)(知)(道)(中)(国)(在)(集)(成)(电)(路)(、石)(油)(的)(逆)(差)(还)(相)(当)(大)(。从)(2009年)(到)(2016年)(8年)(时)(间)((2016年)(为)(前)(11个)(月)(数)(据)(),中)(国)(在)(集)(成)(电)(路)(上)(的)(总)(共)(逆)(差)(高)(达)(约)(1万)(亿)(美)(元)(,约)(合)(人)(民)(币)(6.9万)(亿)(元)((以)(现)(价)(美)(元)(核)(算)()。
但)(随)(着)(中)(国)(人)(的)(消)(费)(升)(级)(,还)(有)(一)(个)(服)(务)(贸)(易)(项)(目)(,未)(来)(中)(国)(的)(逆)(差)(可)(能)(比)(这)(个)(还)(大)(。
那)(就)(是)(旅)(游)(。
中)(国)(人)(均)(收)(入)(进)(入)(中)(等)(收)(入)(国)(家)(,消)(费)(旺)(盛)(的)(一)(个)(重)(要)(表)(现)(就)(是)(——出)(国)(游)(大)(热)(。相)(信)(各)(位)(猫)(友)(的)(朋)(友)(圈)(里)(都)(有)(元)(旦)(假)(期)(在)(国)(外)(旅)(游)(的)(。现)(在)(出)(国)(游)(早)(就)(是)(稀)(疏)(平)(常)(的)(事)(情)(。
那)(么)(,中)(国)(人)(在)(出)(国)(游)(上)(有)(多)(能)(花)(钱)(呢)(?
早)(些)(年)(改)(革)(开)(放)(刚)(开)(始)(的)(时)(候)(,吸)(引)(外)(国)(人)(来)(中)(国)(旅)(游)(还)(是)(国)(家)(“创)(外)(汇)(”的)(措)(施)(,一)(度)(是)(我)(国)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(的)(重)(要)(项)(目)(,在)(改)(革)(开)(放)(后)(的)(30年)(里)(,也)(一)(直)(是)(入)(境)(旅)(游)(收)(入)(大)(于)(出)(境)(旅)(游)(支)(出)(。
但)(2009年)(是)(重)(要)(的)(拐)(点)(,那)(一)(年)(,中)(国)(的)(旅)(游)(外)(汇)(收)(支)(,开)(始)(从)(长)(期)(的)(顺)(差)(开)(始)(转)(为)(逆)(差)(。猫)(哥)(要)(说)(明)(的)(是)(,旅)(游)(支)(出)(是)(按)(不)(同)(统)(计)(口)(径)(会)(差)(别)(不)(小)(的)(,在)(这)(里)(,我)(们)(按)(外)(汇)(部)(门)(的)(统)(计)(口)(径)(,即)(带)(了)(多)(少)(钱)(到)(国)(外)(花)(和)(买)(买)(买)(。
2009年)(旅)(游)(贸)(易)(逆)(差)(为)(40亿)(美)(元)(,2010年)(逆)(差)(为)(91亿)(美)(元)(,2011年)(逆)(差)(241亿)(美)(元)(。据)(中)(国)(国)(家)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(局)(《2012中)(国)(国)(际)(收)(支)(平)(衡)(表)(》,该)(年)(度)(出)(境)(旅)(游)(支)(出)(1020亿)(美)(元)(,入)(境)(旅)(游)(收)(入)(500.3亿)(美)(元)(,逆)(差)(519.7亿)(美)(元)(。2013年)(逆)(差)(769亿)(美)(元)(,2014年)(逆)(差)(超)(过)(1000亿)(美)(元)(。
而)(根)(据)(国)(家)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(局)(《2016年)(中)(国)(国)(际)(收)(支)(报)(告)(》,2016年)(旅)(行)(收)(入)(444亿)(美)(元)(、支)(出)(2611亿)(美)(元)(,逆)(差)(2167亿)(美)(元)(。2017年)(4月)(17日)(,世)(界)(旅)(游)(组)(织)(发)(布)(《2016年)(世)(界)(旅)(游)(的)(晴)(雨)(表)(》,2016年)(中)(国)(出)(境)(旅)(游)(支)(出)(2610亿)(美)(元)(,居)(世)(界)(第)(一)(。
到)(了)(今)(年)(,根)(据)(英)(国)(《金)(融)(时)(报)(》旗)(下)(的)(《投)(资)(参)(考)(》预)(估)(,2017年)(中)(国)(游)(客)(在)(出)(境)(游)(期)(间)(的)(总)(支)(出)(达)(到)(2.3万)(亿)(元)(人)(民)(币)((约)(合)(3500亿)(美)(元)(),比)(去)(年)(增)(长)(11.8%。
电)(子)(集)(成)(电)(路)(,说)(白)(了)(还)(是)(制)(造)(业)(,只)(要)(中)(国)(的)(企)(业)(敢)(于)(投)(资)(,以)(中)(国)(的)(工)(程)(师)(数)(量)(和)(质)(量)(,可)(预)(见)(的)(未)(来)(会)(逐)(步)(减)(少)(逆)(差)(的)(,搞)(不)(好)(会)(像)(一)(些)(产)(业)(那)(样)(成)(功)(扭)(转)(为)(顺)(差)(。
但)(是)(,旅)(游)(这)(个)(真)(没)(辙)(,未)(来)(的)(逆)(差)(可)(能)(会)(越)(来)(越)(大)(。中)(国)(的)(入)(境)(游)(收)(入)(一)(直)(500亿)(美)(元)(左)(右)(徘)(徊)(,中)(国)(并)(不)(是)(西)(方)(国)(家)(传)(统)(意)(义)(上)(热)(门)(的)(旅)(游)(目)(的)(地)(,又)(不)(是)(“购)(物)(天)(堂)(”,随)(着)(中)(国)(人)(的)(出)(国)(游)(继)(续)(火)(爆)(,旅)(游)(服)(务)(贸)(易)(逆)(差)(只)(会)(是)(逐)(年)(扩)(大)(。
因)(为)(:
'v中)(国)(有)(近)(14亿)(人)(口)(,还)(有)(很)(多)(人)(没)(有)(出)(过)(国)(旅)(游)(。根)(据)(统)(计)(,全)(国)(有)(效)(的)(因)(私)(普)(通)(护)(照)(持)(有)(量)(超)(过)(1.2亿)(本)(。也)(就)(是)(说)(,差)(不)(多)(每)(10个)(中)(国)(人)(里)(就)(有)(1人)(持)(有)(因)(私)(护)(照)(。但)(也)(意)(味)(着)(90%的)(中)(国)(人)(还)(没)(有)(进)(入)(出)(境)(游)(市)(场)(。出)(境)(旅)(游)(市)(场)(依)(然)(潜)(力)(巨)(大)(。
'w中)(国)(公)(民)(旅)(游)(目)(的)(地)(国)(家)(范)(围)(不)(断)(扩)(大)(,目)(前)(已)(达)(153个)(。根)(据)(外)(交)(部)(门)(的)(统)(计)(,截)(至)(7月)(11日)(,持)(普)(通)(护)(照)(中)(国)(公)(民)(可)(以)(享)(受)(入)(境)(便)(利)(化)(待)(遇)(的)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(,已)(经)(增)(加)(到)(了)(65个)(,包)(括)(10个)(可)(互)(免)(普)(通)(护)(照)(签)(证)(、16个)(单)(方)(面)(允)(许)(中)(国)(公)(民)(免)(签)(入)(境)(、39个)(单)(方)(面)(允)(许)(中)(国)(公)(民)(办)(理)(落)(地)(签)(证)(。
'x旅)(游)(目)(的)(地)(不)(断)(升)(级)(,世)(界)(有)(多)(大)(就)(走)(多)(远)(。大)(部)(分)(中)(国)(人)(是)(从)(“新)(马)(泰)(”开)(始)(出)(国)(游)(的)(,然)(鹅)(,随)(着)(越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(年)(轻)(人)(走)(出)(国)(门)(,选)(择)(的)(国)(家)(是)(越)(来)(越)(发)(达)(,有)(些)(资)(深)(玩)(家)(更)(是)(“小)(众)(”。
根)(据)(统)(计)(,在)(出)(国)(游)(上)(,60后)(集)(中)(于)(东)(南)(亚)(,70后)(集)(中)(于)(东)(南)(亚)(、日)(、美)(、欧)(,80后)(集)(中)(于)(日)(、泰)(、澳)(、美)(、俄)(,90后)(集)(中)(于)(东)(南)(亚)(、日)(、澳)(、美)(。80后)(的)(出)(行)(目)(的)(地)(最)(全)(面)(,覆)(盖)(的)(世)(界)(大)(洲)(最)(多)(。
中)(国)(人)(在)(境)(外)(消)(费)(的)(购)(买)(力)(,想)(必)(大)(家)(在)(新)(闻)(媒)(体)(都)(见)(识)(过)(了)(。
那)(么)(,问)(题)(来)(了)(,中)(国)(人)(旺)(盛)(的)(消)(费)(力)(是)(可)(持)(续)(的)(吗)(?
猫)(哥)(将)(在)(后)(续)(文)(章)(里)(详)(细)(分)(析)(,欢)(迎)(关)(注)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
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