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杨利伟:女航天员进太空符合航天事业发展规律

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年11月21日 21:50:15
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(  新)(华)(网)(酒)(泉)(6月)(15日)(电)((记)(者)(白)(瑞)(雪)(赵)(薇)(田)(兆)(运)()神)(舟)(九)(号)(载)(人)(航)(天)(飞)(行)(揭)(幕)(之)(际)(,中)(国)(第)(一)(位)(进)(入)(太)(空)(的)(航)(天)(员)(杨)(利)(伟)(接)(受)(新)(华)(社)(记)(者)(专)(访)(时)(,对)(执)(行)(神)(九)(任)(务)(的)(3人)(乘)(组)(及)(中)(国)(航)(天)(员)(有)(关)(情)(况)(进)(行)(了)(介)(绍)(。
  记)(者)(:您)(如)(何)(评)(价)(担)(负)(此)(次)(任)(务)(的)(3位)(航)(天)(员)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:神)(九)(乘)(组)(中)(有)(新)(面)(孔)(也)(有)(老)(面)(孔)(。我)(与)(包)(括)(景)(海)(鹏)(、刘)(旺)(在)(内)(的)(第)(一)(批)(航)(天)(员)(相)(识)(已)(有)(14年)(,虽)(然)(现)(在)(我)(们)(的)(工)(作)(环)(境)(不)(在)(一)(起)(,但)(我)(还)(是)(经)(常)(回)(到)(航)(天)(员)(公)(寓)(。
  景)(海)(鹏)(曾)(经)(是)(神)(舟)(七)(号)(航)(天)(员)(,这)(次)(又)(脱)(颖)(而)(出)(,一)(是)(因)(为)(他)(积)(极)(求)(战)(,二)(是)(他)(保)(持)(了)(很)(好)(的)(飞)(行)(状)(态)(。重)(返)(太)(空)(是)(飞)(行)(过)(和)(没)(飞)(行)(过)(的)(航)(天)(员)(都)(非)(常)(羡)(慕)(的)(事)(情)(。他)(最)(大)(的)(特)(点)(是)(细)(心)(,不)(仅)(地)(面)(训)(练)(非)(常)(严)(谨)(,生)(活)(中)(也)(非)(常)(活)(跃)(。
  刘)(旺)(是)(第)(一)(批)(航)(天)(员)(中)(最)(年)(轻)(的)(,比)(我)(们)(中)(的)(大)(多)(数)(成)(员)(都)(小)(四)(五)(岁)(,是)(我)(们)(的)(小)(老)(弟)(。他)(头)(脑)(聪)(明)(,学)(习)(成)(绩)(很)(好)(,学)(习)(能)(力)(强)(,特)(别)(是)(专)(业)(理)(论)(学)(习)(突)(出)(。
  第)(二)(批)(航)(天)(员)(进)(行)(选)(拔)(时)(,刘)(洋)(正)(好)(是)(我)(去)(飞)(行)(部)(队)(面)(试)(的)(。她)(是)(个)(很)(阳)(光)(的)(女)(孩)(子)(,虽)(然)(参)(加)(训)(练)(的)(时)(间)(比)(两)(位)(男)(航)(天)(员)(短)(,但)(训)(练)(非)(常)(刻)(苦)(,领)(悟)(能)(力)(也)(很)(强)(。
  他)(们)(是)(一)(个)(非)(常)(优)(秀)(的)(整)(体)(,是)(优)(中)(选)(优)(的)(结)(果)(。实)(际)(上)(,这)(次)(任)(务)(的)(备)(份)(人)(员)(对)(技)(能)(的)(掌)(握)(和)(任)(务)(的)(执)(行)(能)(力)(也)(很)(出)(色)(。
  记)(者)(:两)(年)(前)(面)(试)(刘)(洋)(时)(,她)(留)(给)(您)(什)(么)(印)(象)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:我)(对)(她)(的)(第)(一)(印)(象)(是)(内)(向)(,没)(想)(到)(她)(一)(开)(口)(就)(表)(现)(得)(非)(常)(开)(朗)(,这)(才)(知)(道)(她)(在)(飞)(行)(部)(队)(就)(经)(常)(当)(业)(余)(主)(持)(人)(、参)(加)(演)(讲)(比)(赛)(。后)(来)(我)(到)(她)(家)(里)(看)(了)(看)(,也)(感)(到)(挺)(意)(外)(。大)(多)(数)(飞)(行)(员)(家)(里)(都)(很)(简)(单)(,但)(她)(家)(特)(别)(有)(生)(活)(气)(息)(,看)(得)(出)(来)(是)(一)(个)(热)(爱)(生)(活)(的)(人)(。
  记)(者)(:为)(什)(么)(要)(安)(排)(女)(航)(天)(员)(加)(入)(飞)(行)(乘)(组)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:世)(界)(上)(第)(一)(位)(女)(航)(天)(员)(捷)(列)(什)(科)(娃)(1963年)(就)(飞)(进)(了)(太)(空)(,日)(本)(有)(女)(航)(天)(员)(,韩)(国)(第)(一)(位)(航)(天)(员)(就)(是)(女)(性)(。女)(航)(天)(员)(进)(入)(太)(空)(是)(工)(程)(发)(展)(的)(需)(要)(,也)(是)(航)(天)(员)(队)(伍)(成)(分)(构)(成)(的)(需)(要)(。对)(于)(人)(类)(探)(索)(太)(空)(的)(实)(践)(来)(说)(,男)(性)(与)(女)(性)(在)(太)(空)(的)(生)(理)(变)(化)(和)(感)(受)(是)(不)(同)(的)(,因)(此)(我)(们)(也)(需)(要)(女)(性)(航)(天)(员)(的)(体)(验)(和)(感)(受)(,为)(今)(后)(的)(航)(天)(活)(动)(积)(累)(更)(多)(的)(规)(律)(和)(经)(验)(。
  为)(什)(么)(这)(次)(飞)(行)(选)(择)(增)(加)(女)(航)(天)(员)(呢)(?在)(载)(人)(航)(天)(发)(展)(的)(最)(初)(阶)(段)(,首)(先)(要)(解)(决)(的)(是)(人)(能)(不)(能)(上)(天)(的)(问)(题)(,太)(多)(技)(术)(需)(要)(探)(索)(和)(突)(破)(,这)(一)(阶)(段)(更)(适)(合)(男)(航)(天)(员)(来)(完)(成)(。我)(国)(目)(前)(载)(人)(航)(天)(飞)(行)(已)(经)(从)(短)(期)(向)(中)(长)(期)(飞)(行)(过)(渡)(,这)(个)(阶)(段)(比)(较)(适)(合)(女)(航)(天)(员)(参)(与)(。可)(以)(说)(,中)(国)(女)(航)(天)(员)(进)(入)(太)(空)(,也)(是)(符)(合)(航)(天)(事)(业)(发)(展)(的)(客)(观)(规)(律)(。
  从)(职)(业)(特)(点)(来)(讲)(,航)(天)(员)(是)(一)(个)(为)(人)(类)(造)(福)(的)(特)(殊)(职)(业)(,需)(要)(多)(种)(行)(业)(、不)(同)(性)(别)(的)(人)(参)(与)(其)(中)(。随)(着)(空)(间)(实)(验)(平)(台)(的)(建)(立)(,航)(天)(器)(越)(来)(越)(复)(杂)(,人)(参)(与)(的)(东)(西)(越)(来)(越)(多)(,未)(来)(航)(天)(员)(的)(职)(业)(构)(成)(会)(越)(来)(越)(丰)(富)(,科)(学)(家)(、医)(生)(、教)(师)(等)(行)(业)(的)(人)(士)(都)(有)(可)(能)(加)(入)(航)(天)(员)(队)(伍)(。
  记)(者)(:派)(景)(海)(鹏)(第)(二)(次)(飞)(天)(是)(出)(于)(什)(么)(考)(虑)(?未)(来)(航)(天)(员)(都)(有)(机)(会)(重)(返)(太)(空)(吗)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:与)(战)(士)(站)(岗)(、炊)(事)(员)(做)(饭)(一)(样)(,航)(天)(员)(是)(一)(种)(职)(业)(,他)(的)(工)(作)(就)(是)(飞)(行)(。外)(国)(同)(行)(中)(很)(多)(人)(都)(飞)(行)(过)(七)(八)(次)(,飞)(行)(三)(五)(次)(是)(很)(平)(常)(的)(。
  随)(着)(中)(国)(航)(天)(事)(业)(的)(发)(展)(,航)(天)(员)(执)(行)(飞)(行)(任)(务)(会)(逐)(步)(常)(态)(化)(,就)(像)(我)(们)(每)(天)(上)(班)(一)(样)(平)(常)(。100多)(年)(前)(莱)(特)(兄)(弟)(发)(明)(飞)(机)(时)(,没)(人)(想)(到)(未)(来)(有)(一)(天)(乘)(飞)(机)(出)(行)(会)(常)(态)(化)(。航)(天)(员)(的)(工)(作)(也)(是)(如)(此)(,将)(来)(他)(们)(会)(跟)(飞)(行)(员)(一)(样)(,重)(复)(飞)(行)(,多)(次)(飞)(行)(。
  航)(天)(事)(业)(的)(发)(展)(中)(,还)(有)(多)(项)(技)(术)(亟)(待)(突)(破)(。我)(们)(希)(望)(能)(有)(航)(天)(员)(通)(过)(多)(次)(飞)(行)(去)(体)(会)(、尝)(试)(,把)(感)(受)(反)(馈)(给)(科)(研)(人)(员)(,帮)(助)(我)(们)(增)(强)(对)(太)(空)(的)(认)(识)(。因)(此)(在)(进)(行)(选)(拔)(的)(时)(候)(,无)(论)(是)(飞)(行)(过)(还)(是)(没)(有)(飞)(行)(过)(的)(航)(天)(员)(,都)(具)(有)(资)(格)(参)(加)(选)(拔)(和)(竞)(争)(。
  记)(者)(:对)(于)(第)(一)(批)(航)(天)(员)(中)(还)(没)(有)(执)(行)(过)(任)(务)(的)(成)(员)(,他)(们)(是)(否)(还)(有)(机)(会)(实)(现)(飞)(天)(梦)(想)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:目)(前)(我)(国)(航)(天)(事)(业)(发)(展)(还)(处)(于)(初)(期)(阶)(段)(,任)(务)(安)(排)(不)(是)(很)(饱)(满)(,第)(一)(批)(航)(天)(员)(的)(部)(分)(人)(有)(可)(能)(到)(了)(飞)(行)(最)(高)(年)(限)(时)(,还)(没)(有)(机)(会)(执)(行)(任)(务)(,这)(的)(确)(是)(航)(天)(员)(的)(遗)(憾)(。随)(着)(航)(天)(事)(业)(的)(发)(展)(、飞)(行)(密)(度)(的)(增)(加)(,将)(来)(的)(第)(二)(批)(、第)(三)(批)(航)(天)(员)(面)(临)(的)(不)(是)(能)(不)(能)(飞)(的)(问)(题)(,而)(是)(怎)(样)(保)(持)(好)(状)(态)(多)(飞)(几)(次)(的)(问)(题)(。我)(也)(希)(望)(,我)(到)(了)(70多)(岁)(的)(时)(候)(还)(可)(以)(去)(飞)(行)(。
  记)(者)(:作)(为)(中)(国)(第)(一)(位)(进)(入)(太)(空)(的)(航)(天)(员)(,您)(与)(神)(九)(航)(天)(员)(乘)(组)(经)(常)(交)(流)(吗)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:我)(经)(常)(与)(他)(们)(分)(享)(我)(的)(飞)(行)(经)(历)(。太)(空)(环)(境)(和)(飞)(行)(体)(验)(是)(在)(地)(面)(无)(法)(模)(拟)(的)(,必)(须)(有)(人)(亲)(身)(经)(历)(过)(,才)(能)(总)(结)(、反)(馈)(。我)(会)(告)(诉)(他)(们)(飞)(行)(过)(程)(中)(哪)(些)(情)(况)(是)(正)(常)(的)(,哪)(些)(是)(异)(常)(的)(,哪)(些)(是)(在)(地)(面)(训)(练)(中)(没)(有)(设)(想)(到)(的)(。
  记)(者)(:太)(空)(的)(什)(么)(状)(况)(是)(地)(面)(无)(法)(想)(象)(和)(模)(拟)(的)(?
  杨)(利)(伟)(:在)(天)(上)(有)(不)(少)(让)(我)(“出)(汗)(”的)(事)(情)(。比)(如)(说)(,飞)(船)(走)(到)(阴)(影)(区)(,我)(发)(现)(舱)(外)(突)(然)(变)(得)(很)(亮)(。我)(非)(常)(紧)(张)(,到)(窗)(口)(拼)(命)(看)(,也)(没)(有)(看)(到)(什)(么)(。回)(来)(翻)(数)(据)(、检)(查)(飞)(船)(,同)(样)(没)(发)(现)(异)(常)(。等)(到)(第)(二)(次)(又)(到)(阴)(影)(区)(,我)(才)(明)(白)(,这)(是)(地)(面)(闪)(电)(在)(舷)(窗)(上)(的)(反)(射)(。返)(回)(的)(时)(候)(,我)(看)(到)(裂)(纹)(就)(以)(为)(舷)(窗)(要)(爆)(了)(,又)(很)(紧)(张)(,其)(实)(只)(不)(过)(是)(涂)(层)(上)(的)(裂)(纹)(。
  这)(些)(都)(是)(我)(当)(时)(在)(地)(面)(没)(有)(想)(象)(过)(、经)(历)(过)(的)(内)(容)(。我)(把)(这)(些)(体)(验)(与)(航)(天)(员)(们)(进)(行)(交)(流)(,等)(到)(他)(们)(在)(天)(上)(遇)(到)(类)(似)(情)(况)(,就)(不)(会)(再)(紧)(张)(了)(。
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